Cultural humility is having a respectful yet humble attitude toward other cultures and individuals. Being culturally humble includes an understanding that one cannot know everything about another culture.
It is a lifelong trait that is developed throughout the experience and active effort. Cultural humility was formed to promote understanding and sympathy. Moreover, this cannot be resulted in without having an understanding of multicultural competence and its relevance to today’s society.In today’s diverse society, the ability to be able to be tolerant and understanding of multiple cultures is a must.
Multicultural competence is relevant because our society is made up of a mixture of cultures not a day goes by without being able to meet someone who has ties to the opposite end of the world. To help develop the ability to sympathize first one needs to acknowledge the difference whether its gender, age, religion, etc. Then you need to address any differences that may need to be accommodated. Multicultural competence helps ensure a more efficient and satisfying treatment and resolutions to any issues. If someone seeks help from a healthcare provider that is not multiculturally competent, it can cause the patient to not receive the care they need. If the provider lacks the proper knowledge of someone’s culture or beliefs, it can lead to serious situations in which a party is at risk be it the patient or the provider. One way of aiding healthcare providers is for them to also comprehend the similarities and differences of cultural humility and cultural competency.
Culture competency is being tolerant and understanding of others cultures and accommodating them. Its goal is to establish an understanding of other cultures to be able to properly and appropriately provide services. Although it allows people to reach a common goal, it enforces the idea that all cultures are monolithic. The excerpt from “Cultural Humility vs Cultural Competence” in the Cultural humility: People, principles and practices video demonstrates how people group all people from the same or similar cultures together. The nurse from the excerpt ignored the pain the Hispanic patients showed because the course she took on cross-cultural medicine taught her that Hispanics tend to overexpress their pain (Chavez, 2012). Although it is good that she took a course to help her understand other cultures, there are limitations to what is taught by books. Books are not people.
To avoid the mistake that everyone from the same culture is the same, the need for cultural humility is needed as well. Cultural humanity’s goal is to encourage one to self-reflect and actively interact with others to understand their background. Cultural competence and humility are both centered around culture and are lifelong skills. Similar to cultural competence, cultural humility challenges an individual to put their biases aside and learn about other cultures.
However cultural competency is more generalized ideas and understanding about another culture, while culturally humility is involved one to more actively engage in learning about an individual’s personal beliefs, customs, and experiences. Grasping these two is of importance so that assumptions about cultural beliefs and practices are no longer a problem in a healthcare or interdisciplinary setting.Since cultural beliefs affect a person’s perceptions about the disease, assumptions about someone’s cultural beliefs and practice could create many problems. Someone’s culture could affect their belief on how they contracted the disease or illness. As mentioned by Spector(2017), “From her parent’s point of view, Lia was experiencing “the fleeing of her soul”,”(p. 4). Lia was experiencing seizures, but her parent’s Hmong background made it difficult to explain the situation.
Misinterpretation and misunderstanding like this could really endanger a patient’s life if not handled properly. In addition to the culture someone grew up in can affect the way they express their pain, how they seek help and the best treatment for them(Chavez, 2012). By attempting to understanding an individual’s needs, it improves the quality of care for the patient.