Defining Poetry ‘ English III ‘

Meter
— in names of measuring instruments.
— in nouns denoting lines of poetry with a specified number of feet or measures.
— the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line.

Narrative Poetry
Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that tells a story, often making use of the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metred verse. The poems that make up this genre may be short or long, and the story it relates to may be complex.

Dramatic Poetry
Dramatic poetry is any drama that is written in verse that is meant to be recited. It usually tells a story or refers to a situation. This would include closet drama, dramatic monologues, and rhyme verse. Examples of dramatic poetry would come from:

Lyric Poetry
Lyric poems typically express personal (often emotional) feelings and are traditionally spoken in the present tense.[1] Modern examples often have specific rhyming schemes. Greek lyric poetry was defined by its musical accompaniment,[2] and modern forms are sometimes also set to music or a beat.

Rhyme
— correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
— (of a word, syllable, or line) have or end with a sound that corresponds to another.
— (of a word, syllable, or line) have or end with a sound that corresponds to another.
— (of a poem or song) be composed of lines that end in words or syllables with sounds that correspond with those at the ends of other lines.

Alliteration
— the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Consonance
— agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions.
— the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity (chiefly as used in prosody).
— the combination of notes that are in harmony with each other due to the relationship between their frequencies.

Assonance
— in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible (e.g., penitence, reticence ).

Onomatopoeia
— the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle ).
— the use of onomatopoeia for rhetorical effect.

Simile
— a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox ).
— the use of simile.

Metaphor
— a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
— a thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else, especially something abstract.

Personification
— the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
— a figure intended to represent an abstract quality.
— a person, animal, or object regarded as representing or embodying a quality, concept, or thing.

Oxymoron
— a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g., faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ).