Despite behaviour”, and that “the neglected emotional perspective

there being evidence that shows how population growth is an obstacle to
sustainable development, it is important to look at other factors that may be having
an impact on achieving it. Ehrlich and Holdren (1971) stated “population
control is obviously not a panacea – it is necessary but not along sufficient
to see us through the crisis” (pp.1212), showing how that alongside population growth,
intervention is needed with other factors. One of these factors is not the rate
at which population grows, but the views held by the population. Capitalism “is
an economic system where private entities own the factors of production”
(Amadeo, K., 2017), and has been argued to exploit “people and the environment”,
creating “inequality and environmental damage” (Cock and Hopwood, 1996; cited
by Hopwood, Mellor and O’Brien, 2005, pp.46). Capitalism has led to increased
production of material goods (Giddings, Hopwood, O’Brien, 2002), and through this,
has damaged the environment further.  This creates the argument that capitalism may
impede the achievement of sustainable development, therefore suggesting it is
the views and attitudes of the population that need to be tackled, not the size
of it. Along with societies views, views on individuals themselves are
important. Kals and Maes (2002) found that individuals emotional views towards creating
sustainable development are “the most powerful predictors for sustainable
behaviour”, and that “the neglected emotional perspective on sustainable
behaviour needs to be included…on the practical level of intervention programmes”
(pp.97). Changing people’s perspectives on sustainable development could
therefore have a large impact on achieving it, and this means changing “behaviours
at a private as well as political level” (pp.98). This evidence demonstrates
how the populations views may have a larger influence over whether sustainable development
is achieved or not, not the size of the population.