Despitethere being evidence that shows how population growth is an obstacle tosustainable development, it is important to look at other factors that may be havingan impact on achieving it. Ehrlich and Holdren (1971) stated “populationcontrol is obviously not a panacea – it is necessary but not along sufficientto see us through the crisis” (pp.
1212), showing how that alongside population growth,intervention is needed with other factors. One of these factors is not the rateat which population grows, but the views held by the population. Capitalism “isan economic system where private entities own the factors of production”(Amadeo, K.
, 2017), and has been argued to exploit “people and the environment”,creating “inequality and environmental damage” (Cock and Hopwood, 1996; citedby Hopwood, Mellor and O’Brien, 2005, pp.46). Capitalism has led to increasedproduction of material goods (Giddings, Hopwood, O’Brien, 2002), and through this,has damaged the environment further. This creates the argument that capitalism mayimpede the achievement of sustainable development, therefore suggesting it isthe views and attitudes of the population that need to be tackled, not the sizeof it.
Along with societies views, views on individuals themselves areimportant. Kals and Maes (2002) found that individuals emotional views towards creatingsustainable development are “the most powerful predictors for sustainablebehaviour”, and that “the neglected emotional perspective on sustainablebehaviour needs to be included…on the practical level of intervention programmes”(pp.97). Changing people’s perspectives on sustainable development couldtherefore have a large impact on achieving it, and this means changing “behavioursat a private as well as political level” (pp.
98). This evidence demonstrateshow the populations views may have a larger influence over whether sustainable developmentis achieved or not, not the size of the population.