Different Styles of Poetry

Haiku
– Short Poems (3 or 4 lines)
– Rarely rhymes
– write topics that recognizable to the reader e.g. Animals and Seasons.
– first and last lines contain 5 to 7 syllables.
Example: http://image.slidesharecdn.com/ghaikulessonpresentation-090820222228-phpapp02/95/teaching-haiku-poem-7-728.jpg?cb=1250806966

Free Verse Poems
– As many lines as the writer wants
– Can be rhymed or not rhymed
– Not required to have metrical pattern
– Allows writers maximum flexibility
Examples: http://images.slideplayer.com/6/5661765/slides/slide_4.jpg
https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/ca/fe/4e/cafe4e0e5d65ff2fe8912ac8ba9b66be.jpg

Sonnets
– lyric poem with 14 lines w/ 10 syllables
– at least one or two conventional rhyme schemes
– Expressive thought or idea
– Shakespeare famous for writing sonnets
Examples: http://pagestopixels.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/sonnet9.jpg

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-gNTolEEG_X0/Tc382KMhQoI/AAAAAAAAAEk/VScz50SoqOY/s1600/poem013wsonnet01.gif

Name Poems
– Name of person becomes the poem
– popular among children and schools
– each letter in the name is the first letter in the line of the poem.
Example: http://www.freenamepoems.net/assets/free-name-poems-sample.gif

Acrostic
– first, last, or other letters in a line spell out particular word or phrase
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-acrostic

Blank Verse
– Does not rhyme
– each line carries two syllables long
– Iambic pentameter
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-blank-verse

Echo Verse
– last word or syllable is repeated or echoed underneath to form a rhyming line
– ends at the last line becoming title of poem.
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-echo-verse

Irregular Ode
– poem with meter and rhyme
– no set pattern
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-irregular-ode

Limewrick
– funny poem with strong beat
– great for kids who learning how to read
– short, light hearted, and funny
– usually starts “There was a…” and ends with a name, person, or place.
– poem rhymes
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-limerick

Ottava Rima
– Italian poem
– eight lines that rhyme
– each line has eleven syllables
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-ottava-rima

Renga
– poets worked in pairs or small groups
– taking turns composing alternating
– three line and two line stanzas
– first line: 17 syllables
– second line: 7 syllables
– third line repeats first line.
Example: https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-renga

Iambic Pentameter
Even numbered syllables

Trochaic Meter
Syllables expressed loudly

Dactylic Meter
One accented syllable followed by a second unaccented syllable

Spondaic Meter
Two accented syllables
http://literarydevices.net/meter/

Epic Poem
– serious poem that tells a story
– lengthy poem (2 columns)
– no structure other than telling a story with heroic events and deeds
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-epic

Ballad Poem
– tells a story
– often rhymes
– usually a love story
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-ballad

Kennings poem
– two word phrases describing an object or someone
– uses metaphor
– lengthy riddles
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-kennings

Ode Poem
– lyric poem
– addresses particular person or thing
– uses similes, metaphors, and hyperbole.
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-ode

Tyburn
– six line poetic form
– first four lines two syllable words
– last two lines have 5 – 8 syllable words.
https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-tyburn