Dramatic/poetic Terms for Romeo and Juliet

Soliloquy
Speech by a character alone on stage

Aside
Speech directed to audience or single character

Foreshadowing
Hints of future events

Prologue
Introduction explaining theme of play

Rhyme Scheme
Pattern of rhyming lines (AA BB CC)

Rhymed Couplets
Pairs of rhyming lines (AA BB CC)

Iambic Pentameter
A pattern of rhythm consisting of alternating unstressed and stresseede syllables with a total of five stresses per line

Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter

Sonnet
A 14-line poem, usually in iambic pentameter. The Shakespearean sonnet has the rhyme scheme (ABAB CDCD EFEF GG)

Paradox
A seeming contradiction which does make sense

Oxymoron
A contradictory expression (heavy lightness)

Pun
A play on words which sound similiar

Metaphor
An implied comparison between unlike things

Simile
A direct comparison using like or as

Personification
A comparison that gives human qualities to something inhuman