CHAPTER FOUR: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY4.1Exploratory Study ResearchTheconcept used in this study is based on exploratory study on waqf framework byIIUM Endowment Fund (IEF). The exploratory concept seems relevant to the areaof study that rarely discussed from different perspective for example the studyfrom different objective while there is a lot study at the same demography. This study …

CHAPTER survey among the staff will be conductedRead More »

Another type of violence that media shows are through the coverage of terrorist’s attacks. Although the case doesn’t seem to increase public aggression or violence but the study showed that increased coverage of terrorist’s attacks acted as a warning that follow-on attacks will be perpetrated in the near future. Michael Jetter, a professor at the …

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I would like to make the world more meritocratic or if possible perfectly meritocratic. I always think of a meritocratic society which values hard-work and skill and not only values but suitably rewards it.Following are the elements of a Perfectly Meritocratic Society (from now on called PMS….eh scary name indeed):Political:PMS would not rely on elections for they have a high tendency …

I minor interests.Social:Like most of the societies inRead More »

SoundFinancial PackageAsound financial package is central to the viability of PPP projects. PPPinfrastructural projects usually resort to non-recourse financing and usefinancial instruments such as equity, debt, supplier and buyer credit. Aguaranteed source of income is key to attracting investors to the project. (Merna & Dubey, 2008). A good financial package shouldperform functions such as qualitative …

Sound key player in the PPP arrangement mustRead More »

Low-Interest Rates & Quantitative Easing: Effects on Financial MarketsIntroduction:During the early 2000s, Japan’s economy was fighting against deflation triggered by the economic collapse in late 1991. At that time, the Bank of Japan lowered short-term interest rate close to zero in order to stimulate economic growth. Even with low-interest rates, Japan’s economy was still suffering …

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Duaa    personal prayer, supplication Dunya     The physical Universe, as opposed to the Hereafter; sometimes spelled Dunia.  EECA Export Credit Agency.economics (Islamic) The branch of economics which deals with the specific challenges and opportunities of the Islamic economy; it is based on teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah and aims to rediscover and revive the economic values, priorities, and …

Duaa to Islamic principles does not allow forRead More »

Preceding the execution of computerized frameworks, the human asset work utilized manual paper record keeping and announcing frameworks that were ordinarily unwieldy and exceptionally tedious. These manual frameworks were a noteworthy piece of the part of human asset administration through the majority of the twentieth century. In the 1970s, centralized server PC frameworks were utilized …

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1) Announcementof Income Tax Act, 1922: For thecontrol of tax assessment framework as altered cutting-edge after Pakistan appearedthe Government of Pakistan had reported Income Tax Act 1922. 2)Applicability of the Income Tax Act, 1922:  After thedeclaration of Income Tax Act 1922 the arrangements of this demonstration wasstretched out to the entire of Pakistan with the …

1) monetary year was changed from first JulyRead More »