Education System in PakistanEducation is the most important factor for any country’s development and progress. Country’s progress depends upon its literacy rates and quality of education they are providing to their youth. Education should be the first priority for the success of any country. Education system in our country Pakistan is very poor.
Even other third world countries like Nepal, Siri Lanka or Bangladesh have higher literacy rates as compared to Pakistan. So its time to improve the system. 85 percent of the pakistani population was illiterate at the time of independence and provinces like Balochistan or Sarhad the literacy rates was even lower there.
We had only one university at the time of independence (The university of Punjab). There are four stages of formal education in Pakistan and these are mentioned below1- Primary education2- Secondary education3- Tertiary education4- Quarternary educationPrimary Education:It is pitty that only 80% of pakistani childrens finish primary school education. Our standard system is inspired by british system. Every child have to go through pre primary education first. Ages from 3 to 5 years of childrens first go to pre primary school there they complete first play group then nursery and then KG. After that they go through junior school where they get education of standard from 1 to 5.
Then they go to middle school where they get education of standard from 6 to 8. At middle school usually single sex education is preferred by the people. Co-education is also very common in Cities. Most common subjects that are being taught by the schools are Urdu, English, Maths, Arts, Science, Social Studies, Inlamic Studies and Computer sciences. And in some schools province languages also being taught like in punjab Punjabi is part of their road map of that grade or in balochistan balochi books are also being taught there. Some higher standard schools give instruction in forgien languages likes arabian, persian, chinese, italian or friench. Well it also depends upon the the envirnment of that institute that children can be able to read these languages or not.
Pakistan’s poor result in education sector is mainly caused by the public investment. Higher class families can easily afford their children to be taught in standard school where they read british courses, but poor families cant affort these schools they cant even think about these school so they get an admission in government schools. But now the problem we have quantity of government schools are very less and the teacher there they are teaching are mostly not to much qualified so how will they give education to childrens.Secondary Education :Secondary education is for the student of ninth and tenth grade student and then onward for college students. To reach to college ninth and tenth grade students have to clear BISE(Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education) examination first. The students who succeed in bise exams get secondary school certificate which is also called matriculation certificate.
After that student enter the intermediate colleges and they complete class 11 and 12 . In this level student get the education of Fsc/ICS/intermediate or simple Fa. Different fields are provided by the colleges for student to select like pre medical , pre engineering, human rights, or computer education, but every field must have to taught cumpulsary subjects like English, Urdu and islamyat for class 11 and Pak studies for class 12. for the completion of these 2 grades students again have to pass BISE exams to step in higher university education.
On completion they get higher secondary school certificate. Alternative qualifications are also available instead of BISE. Most common are O levels and A levels and many more.For grade 11 and 12 studends they have one more option Diplomas. Diplomas are of many fields like Civil, chemical, artitecture, mechanical, electrical, computer and many more.
Diplomas are usaully two year program. The student who complete diplomas are called assosiate engineers. After completing that diplomas they can further start get educated in their field or start doing jobs. Tertiary Education : After getting Higher Secondary school certificate students apply for bachelor degree in univeristies.
To get admission in universities student need to fullfill their requirments like so ask for entry test or NAT test before getting admission in the university. If a student succeed in a clearing these test then they get admission in university. Now in pakistan there are three types of universities Private,semi private and government universities. Private universities are too expensive but some of all are ranked in top 10 in pakistan so its worth a shot.
Semi private universites are affordable for middle class people and they are also ranked in top 10. Government univeristies are cheapest and highly ranked and they are ranked in top 3 in pakistan. The university of punjab is government university and its ranking is no 1 in pakistan.Universities help the student to groome their skills.
Univeristies give a personality, confidence and maturity to students. It makes student independent. Most of the bachelor degrees are of 4 years and other are 5 years. Bacholor degrees are Engineering (BS/BE/BSc), Medical(MBBS), Law(LLB), Pharmacy(Pharm.
D ) and many more. Most of the universities provides more then hundred fields to apply. Universities give student independence of everything. first universites are co , second Student can choose their favorite teachers, student can choose timings they can even choose evening classes, student can take part in events and tournaments arranged by different departments. University life is tough but one can enjoy it alot if he prorities things first. Quarternary education :After getting PEC or HEC degree one can apply for job on the base of his bachelor degree or can apply for further master degree. One can earn good money after bachelor degree if still someone want to groome his skills more he can apply for further Master degree. For master degree he can take admission in the same university or can change or transfer to any other university.
Master degree are mostly of 2 years degree. One can do MPhill or PhD degree after bachelor degree. Student who select these programs must choose a specific field and a university that is doing research work in that field.Now lets talk about gender disparity there is a great differene in the rates of enrollment of boys and compared to girls in pakistan. Survay says enrollment in primary school is 60% as compared to boys 84% .
Enrollment of girls in secondary school is much lower 32% and for boys 46% . Male students are more punctual then female and their attendence percentages are 50% and 41%.