ENGGMG7121 ProfessionalEngineering PracticeAssignment 1 Part A: The Role of the Engineer (Civil ContractingEngineer) History of the profession and the development ofengineering disciplines In the early17th century, (early 1600’s), the word “engineer”had been existing for many centuries. Form 1600, to quality engineers were dubas managers, scientists and entrepreneurs. Theengineering word is said to be originally from the Latin word “ingeniatorium”.This Latin word had been implemented to engineers in the military from the timeera of Norman Conquest of Britain back in 1066.The wordlater became a known for as a designer in 1592.
Form the 1600’s, the wordengineer was then use to express a builder or someone with strong creativitywhich is also describe as a maker of things. Throughout the years, engineer hasthen been describing as an “ingenious” which means someone who is clever,original and creative. Nowadaysthe most known types of engineering are now as follows:· Civil/Structural Engineeringo Land Development, Urban, Geotechnical, Transport/Roading and Management · Mechanical Engineeringo Automotive, Biomechanical, Aerospace· Chemical Engineeringo Environmental, Materials, Agriculture and Chemical · Electrical Engineering o Electronics, Mechatronics, Computer and Robotics· Risk Engineering· Fire Engineering · Building Services Engineering cement materials, stone basecourses, concrete and crowns for drainage In terms of history of civilengineering, it is measured to one of the oldest disciplines that have may beenstarted in 2000BC-4000BC. In these eras, (taken at Ancient Egypt), people inthose days had to construct shelter using their bodies and equipment that couldhold heavy objects. In the roman days, stones roads and other large buildingshad to be built without any use of machinery. The method of trial and era has to be use in these situations in orderto perfect their project.Structure and levels of the profession Thereare two key elements in Civil Engineering. One is Consultant engineering, wherethey design the projects for the client and the other is Contractingengineering in comply to the specifications.
For those that major in theconstruction field, one of the top roles is becoming a project Manager. Therole that the Project Manager plays is to get the work done within the timelimit, manage the cost within the budget and produce the fit for purposeproject. They also communicate withother parties and stockholders. In aConstruction company there a three major roles (pertaining to civilengineering)Site Engineer:Essential to the projects. Site engineerswork with various engineers and consultant related workers such asarchitectures and surveyors. In order for the project to be done with goodquality, site engineers has to use their industrial and management skills tomanage workers to get the work package done within the deadline. With that being said, site engineers must have togreat management and technical skills. With no site engineers on site, projectswill submerge into destruction.
Project that site engineers have to deal aredrainage projects, building a new road, retaining walls and other importantfacilities and also ensure the project scope is done properly. Site engineers also take part for the procurementprocess and also manage the materials that will be delivered on site when beingdelivered by the procurement company.With the amount of construction awareness, the siteengineer has, dealing with material suppliers also plays an important role asthey try and procure the right quality item within a suitable cost. Costing foramaterial is a vital element to prevent any cost risk for a constructionproject.Site engineer will sometimes have to show theirproject management side as they are involving with stakeholders.
The purpose ofthis is to show the stakeholders the progress of the construction progress. Ona day to day basis, site engineers have to mange co-workers on site, andsupervises the site facilities. and sometimes are monitoring the site for anyhealth and safety issues Project EngineerBelow are points and duties for a ProjectEngineer. They: Enhance project aims by inspecting project proposal and plans and discussing with the management team. Finding out the project responsibilities by determining work packages. Assigning personal roles to phases and elements by inspecting bids by contractors Finding out the project task by going through/studying the design plans, the client requirements and also having the cost estimates prepared Having a conducting test to confirm to determine the product performance Having a read through the project plan to get an idea out of it. Therefore, the project engineer can manage a time schedule by calculating it and having a sequence plan for the project. Making sure that the project schedule is running according to plan.
To ensure this, the project engineer has to monitor the site and checks if they’re any problems that can be resolved. Having a read through the plans to check if there are any changes to be made and recommendations. Therefore, reviews the plans and specifications.
Controlling the cost expenses, and managing contracts Setting out progress reports by collecting, going through and summarising information. Sets rules and regulations. With these being made, it ca provide a clean, safe and better work environment.
These are to be maintained by the project engineers Backing up project information by entering it into the computer programs Gettinginvolve with the team work ethics by completing the results as required Project ManagerA Project Manager is an important role for aconstruction project. A project manager will be in charge for general successonce the project has been delivered within the time, within the right budgetand according to the standards that the client wants. They also must keep andgood, clean work environment to have a good relationship through the contractdocument.They will also manage the work packages (withestimate time duration), which must be completed on the time to make sure theactivities are done before the deadline.
In order to succeed the project task,project managers must find methods to adjust situations to achieve a successfulcritical pathway.A project manager will be supporting its leadershiprole by having to monitor on site and back to their site office. They also willneed a manage a good team, while teaching the employees the methods of a goodcore values. Team motivation and providing a good quality work will have a verygood reputation value for future projects In the consultancy side of civil engineering,Consultancy engineering designs small to large infrastructures or anythingpertaining to structural in most capacity. For a successful structural designpoint of view, structural engineer has to take many things into considerationsuch as a safe design, the right material use for the design, to predict theload the material can take and other elements that may affect the design suchas earthquakes and wind design..Civil Engineers that are working in aconsultant company gives professional recommendations, controlling and organizingthe construction project, dealing with all sorts of commercial and residentialtype projects, especially in large infrastructure works.
They also conduct test from various differentsites for construction, assessing different types of aspects such as environment,feasibility and commercial of the project .Once the assessment has been done, there areseveral duties that will need to be done for the engineering work requires suchas making detail drawings, managing schedules and providing cost estimates forthe project.Therefore, consultant project manager will besupervising to ensure that the all of the construction work packages are doneaccording to specifications and ensure that it is done in comply of regulationsrequirements.There will be activities where theengineer are to give solutions for any inconvenient or problems that hashappening on the construction site, providing professional ideas, making surethe all small or large problems are to be solve and checking for any missed outrisk.Consultant engineers regularlyupdate themselves with the latest trends and developments within theconstruction industry, reading about newly-enacted legislation and gatheringinformation on new tools and techniques.Engineering culturesI believe there isn’t a simpleexplanation of engineering cultures especially due to the vast number ofengineering disciplines and due to individual companies having their owncompany policies, work ethics and just overall management of staff and themanagement of daily tasks. However,all companies should follow a code of conducteither set by their governing body of the scope of works they carry out or byIPENZ as a back bone of their work culture and ethics.
Engineers are known to “work hardand party harder” especially in New Zealand’s culture with celebratory drinksflowing on a Friday afternoon in the office or firing up the barbeque on siteespecially when wrapping up a project that has come to completion. Also with the engineeringdiscipline there are a lot of initiatives set out by companies such as bonusesat the end of the month by meeting targets, meeting deadlines and personalprogression. Where I am currently employed we have various initiatives for allstaff including all engineers, management and field staff which encouragesstaff to perform at their best and be rewarded for it on top of your salarywhich I think is awesome. A lot of companies like to have team bonding days andsocial events throughout the year just so everyone knows each other better aswell as working as a team. These days a lot off offices are having open planoffices rather than cubicles so all staff interact better making a friendlierenvironment to work in and all-round performing better. I have read about Google havingone of the best engineering cultures in the world just an incredible place towork, with employees having access to free healthy meals, free gym memberships,laundry facilities and onsite childcare your even allowed to take your pet towork how amazing is that. I think with today’s modern andmulticultural society culture is more about getting to know who you are workingwith but it is inevitable that there will always be issues with culture in theengineering discipline and some disciplines won’t get along like the mostcommon one in my opinion being civil design engineers and architects.
Role of the Engineer within Industry and companiesCivil engineers create, improve andprotect the environment in which we live. They plan, design and overseeconstruction and maintenance of building structures and infrastructure, such asroads, railways, airports, bridges, harbours, dams, irrigation projects, powerplants, and water and sewerage systems. They also design and build tallbuildings and large structures that can withstand all weather conditions.
Generally, civil engineers fallinto two types: consulting engineers and contracting engineers. Consultants areresponsible for the design work of projects and work predominantly in anoffice. Contractors then take the designs and implement them duringconstruction. Contractors work on site, managing the construction of thestructure.Depending on whether you are acontractor or a consultant, work activities can include:· undertaking technical and feasibility studies including siteinvestigations· using a range of computer software for developing detailed designs· undertaking complex calculations· liaising with clients and a variety of professionals includingarchitects and subcontractors· compiling job specs and supervising tendering procedures· resolving design and development problems· managing budgets and project resources· scheduling material and equipment purchases and deliveries· making sure the project complies with legal requirements, especiallyhealth and safety· assessing the sustainability and environmental impact of projects· ensuring projects run smoothly and structures are completed withinbudget and on timeWorking hours for consulting civilengineers are generally normal office hours, with some extra hours and weekendwork close to project deadlines.
Contractors, on the other hand, often workshifts and weekends and are outside in all weathers.Role of Institutions and career development to yourongoing career The Institution of ProfessionalEngineers New Zealand– IPENZ, is the national body representing the engineeringprofession in New Zealand. IPENZ sets and enforces competence and ethicalstandards for the profession in line with international practice. IPENZaccredits engineering qualification setting a benchmark internationally forrecognition in several other countries making it easier for New ZealandEngineers to aboard. Institutes play a major role inmoulding and developing of professional engineers. Institutes promote the fieldof engineering through presentations and workshops, allowing young individualsto gain knowledge regarding the trade and allowing them to get involved withthe programme. Engineering is a profession wherenew advancements are made frequently and being updated with changes and newtechnical skills are a necessity.
IPENZ helps its members with these newchanges by informing them through email or magazine sent out monthly to keepits members informed of new technical advancements and changes to standards orcode of conduct. Continuous professionaldevelopment is an integral part of many career paths. Whether the aim is toimprove within your current position or to give your CV added lustre, careerdevelopment is an ongoing process and that where these Institutions come intoplay. Institutions help guide the professional in obtaining further advancementin their career such as further study and research. Future roles for Engineers Future roles for a site engineerworking in the contracting field possibilities are : Project manager:Project managers are the ones in charge of a specific project orprojects within a company. As the project manager, your job is to plan, budget,oversee and document all aspects of the specific project you are working on.
Project managers may work closely with upper management to make sure that thescope and direction of each project is on schedule, as well as otherdepartments for support. Area manager :Area managers are the ones who lookafter a portfolio of projects within a certain area. Some of their dutiesinvolve Oversee a team of Project Managers Contribute to pre-contract activities Assist in the development of business growth strategies Deal with clients and consultants budget and requirement Part B: Negligence and AccidentsNegligence Over the years, there has beenmany unfortunate situations of negligence and accidents in the engineeringworld. These situation cost alotAssuming that an employee hasran into trouble out in the public. An example for this situation is anemployee getting a References https://www.allaboutcareers.com/careers/job-profile/consulting-civil-engineerhttps://typesofengineeringdegrees.org/civil-engineering-job-description/https://targetjobs.co.uk/careers-advice/job-descriptions/278929-civil-engineer-job-description