English final realism and naturalism / poetry

Realism
Sought to portray real life as faithfully and accurately as possible.
Focused on ordinary people faced with the harsh realities of everyday life. From this formed naturalism

Naturalism
Focused on truthfully portraying he lives of ordinary people.
Believed that a person fate is determined by the environment, heredity, or chance.
Depicted characters that characters whose lives were shaped by forces they could neither understand nor control, nut endured the with strength and dignity

Alliteration
The reputation of three or more consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a line of poetry

Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work or work of art for the purpose of illustrating complex ideas simply and clearly

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in a line or stanza of poetry

Diction
Word choice

Hyperbole
An extravagant statement, the use of exaggerated for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect

Imagery
Creating Pictures with words, use descriptive language that appeals to the senses

Irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of there literary meaning. A statement or situation where he meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea

Metaphor
A comparison without using “like” or “as”

Meter
The use of stressed and unstressed syllables in the arrangement of lines determining the line-length of each line of poetry

Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate sounds

Oxymoron
Combines two opposing or contradictory ideas

Paradox
A statement that seems to be contradictory, but that actually resents a truth

Personification
Giving human-like characteristics to non-human things

Repetition
Repeating words or phrases in a poem or emphasis or for rhyme

Rhyme scheme
The musical quality of a poem when read aloud, created and enhanced by diction, meter, and repetition, as well as other poetic devices such as alliteration, assonance and onomatopoeia, as well as rhyming within the lines

Simile
A comparison using the words “like or “as”

Speaker
The voice an author uses in a poem

Symbol
Anything that stands for represents something else

Free verse
Lacks a regular rhythmical pattern or meter, a writer of this is a liberty to use any rhymes that are appropriate to what he or she is saying

Ode
A long, formal lyric poem with a serious theme, these often honor people, commemorative events, respond to natural scenes or consider serious human problems

Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem focused on a single theme, sonnets have many variations, but are often written in iambic pentameter

Couplet
Two-line stanza

Tercet
Three-line stanza

Guatrain
Four-line stanza

Cinquain
Five-line stanza

Sestet
Six-line stanza

Heltastich
Seven-line stanza

Octave
Eight-line stanza