English Lit terms

elegy
extended meditative poem, where the speaker reflects on death, a tribute to a person who has died recently or a serious matter. Written in formal manner, very serious in tone.

tone
attitude a writer takes toward a subject. intended to shape the readers emotional response, but reflects the feelings of the writer. Serious, playful, ironic,bitter , objective, sarcastic, somber, formal/informal, humorous.

ode
complex lyric poem that develos a serious theme. Imagination and intelect, commemorative of events or praise people.

Lyric poem
a short poem, has a flow like a song. stong melodic rhythms.

ballad
narrative poem, telling a story, with a plot, characters, and settin. meant to be sung.

3 kinds of ballads
traditional(4 line stanzas regular rhyme and rhythm), folk ballads(oral, handed down by word of mouth, ordinary people who have unusual adventures, indians tell them). Literary ballad(imatates the imagination and content of a folk ballad, a poets interpretation of a folk ballad)

dramatic poetry
poetry that involves the techniques of drama; one or more characters speak to other characters who may or may not be present in the poem. Romeo and Juliet

dramatic monologue
lyric poem in which a speaker adresses the audience. Without dialog or interrution. One sided converstation. Allows poet to focus on the feelings personalities and motivations of the speaker.

Shakespearean sonnet
Lyric poem 14 lines. a sonnet consisting three groups of 4 lines and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.

iambic pentameter
a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable

form
a poems structure, way the words are arranged on the page. Has lines, and stanzas

traditional form
follos fixed rules, specified number of lines, regular pattern or rhythm or rhyme. epic, ode ballad sonnet haiku

organic form
doesnt follow any rules or form. free verse, may not rhyme. may use unconventional grammar, spelling punctuation.

sound devices
repition, alliteration, assonance, consonance

repitition
a sound word phrase or line that is repeated for emphasis and unity

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in words that dont end with the same consonant.

concrete poetry
The Shape of the poem on the page resembles the subject of the poem

diction
the choice of words and the syntax, or the order of words they appear.

simile
comparison using “like” or “as”, to have a better understanding on what is happening.

metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

figurative
beyond literal meanings, used to symbolize ideas and concepts they would not otherwise be associated with.

consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words