English- New American Poetry

Whitman and Dickinson both…
observed people closely

In general, Whitman…
spoke for the masses

Dickinson’s poetry was written
almost as a private experience

“Leaves of Grass”
established Whitman as a leading poet

Whitman’s poetry is distinctive in its
extravagant use of words

Whitman’s free verse is based on
skillful use of cadence

Dickinson’s poetry is characterized by
a meticulous use of words

It’s Dickinson’s intention to
suggest the feelings of things she writes about

While Dickinson’s work inspires writers who regard poetry as experiences, Whitman’s work
serves as a model for poetry as public speech

In Whitman’s poem, “The Pact,” Pound…
acknowledges his respect for Whitman

Elements of Free Verse
assonance, alliteration, onomatopoeia, parallel structure, imagery

Whitman’s poetry struck a responsive chord because it
reflected the energies of the new nation

Like the poet himself, Whitman’s work is both
homespun and theatrical

Whitman’s trip to New Orleans helped him
develop his talent for observation

While some readers found “Leaves of Grass” too new and strange,
Emerson recognized its raw power

Whitman repeatedly revised “Leaves of Grass” because
his concept of the work grew over the years

In creating his free verse, Whitman
invented a new way to write poetry

In addition to serving as an observer through his poems, Whitman also
acted as a prophet for the nation

“Leaves of Grass” is an epic because
the action takes the form of a journey

Whitman attempted to break the conventional bounds of poetry by
ignoring the accepted rules for poetic expression

In essence, the body of Whitman’s work is a
spiritual autobiography

In “Song of Myself, 26,” the cataloging of sounds is achieved by
Whitman’s own sense of spacing and timing

One result of rolling cadence in “Song of Myself, 33,” is that
the lines vary greatly in length

In the coda to “Song of Myself, 52,” the repetition in line 3 of the vowel sound in “swoops” is an example of
assonance

In “On the Beach at Night,” line 13, “Watching, silently weeps,” is short because Whitman
wished to emphasize his point

In the first poem of “Song of Myself, 1,” the speaker is an old man
false

The first four stanzas of “Song of Myself,10,” take place at the speaker’s home
false

In “Song of Myself, 34” lines 39-41 contain examples of parallel structure
true

The phrase “And filter and fiber” from the coda to “Song of Myself, 52,” is an example of alliteration
true

The weeping child in “On the Beach at Night” is a boy
false

The sounds in “Song of Myself, 26,” have a musical quality
true

The nation about which Whitman writes in “I Hear America Singing” is portrayed as youthful and strong
true

In “On the Beach at Night Alone”, the vastness of the starry heavens prompts the speaker’s thoughts
true

The most important part of “When I Heard the Learned Astronomer” takes place outside the lecture room
true

The speaker in “A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim” is comforting the soldiers
false

The departure of Charles Wadsworth caused a crisis in Dickinson’s life because
she both loved and needed him

In her schedule life, Dickinson may have been dressed in white
as a reminder of the marriage she never had

The 1955 publication of Dickinson’s poems was important because
the poems were presented in their original form

Dickinson could see an event
in both its particular and universal sense

Unlike many of Dickinson’s poems, “Heart! We will forget him!”
contains no slant rhyme

In the last stanza of “Success is counted sweetest”, Dickinson’s use of the long “i” sound in three crucial words- “dying”, “triumph”, “agonized”- is an example of
assonance

In “Soul selects her own Society”, Dickinson’s use of slant rhyme
emphasizes certain words and ideas

Dickinson’s use of slant rhyme is evident in
heaven/given

The words “unmoved/God” at the end of the sixth and eighth lines of “Apparently with no surprise” are examples of what some people call
cadence

In “A Bird came down the Walk” the phrase “a convenient Grass” is a play on words for “a convenient glass”
true

The tone in “If you were coming in the Fall” remains constant throughout
false

The poem “Heart! We will forget him!” is addressed to a lover
false

The impact of “I died for Beauty- but was scarce” depends more on true rhyme than slant rhyme
false

The carriage in “Because I could not stop for Death ” could be a metaphor for time
true

In “Success is counted sweetest”, Dickinson defines success by experiencing failure
true

“Tell all the Truth” is about revelation
true

In “Apparently with no surprise”, the poet recognizes that nature can be harsh
true

In “The Soul selects her own Society”, Dickinson’s images of royalty suggest the majesty of the soul
false