ESL Vocabulary List 14 -Poetry

rhyme
words that have similar sound
rhyme

rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme in a poem Example: ABABCDCD
rhyme scheme

internal rhyme
rhyme within a line of poetry
internal rhyme

external rhyme
rhyme at the end of a line of poetry
external rhyme

narrative poetry
a poem that tells a story
narrative poetry

lyric poetry
a poem about emotions

speaker
main character who is speaking in the poem

quatrain
a stanza made of four lines
quatrain

stanza
a group of lines in a poem
stanza

haiku
Japanese poetry made of 3 lines, not rhyming

meter
the rhythm (beat) of the poem
meter

iambic pentameter
5 iambs in one line poetry

free verse
poem with no set meter; “free style”, usually not rhymed

sonnet
14 line poem, rhymes, has 3 quatrains and a couplet, usually about love
sonnet

ballad
a narrative poem, with rhyme and a refrain or questions; it was passed orally not usually written down