Ethicalconsiderations in research are playing important role in decision making betweenchoice and action for the right and wrong action. It determines thedifference between acceptable and unacceptable situations. Ethicalstandards will prevent against the fabrication or falsifying of data andtherefore, promote the pursuit of knowledge and truth which is the primary goalof research.
Ethical behavior is also critical for collaborative workbecause it encourages an environment of trust, accountability, and mutualrespect among researchers. This is important when considering issuesrelated to data sharing, co-authorship, copyright guidelines, confidentiality,and many other issues, in order for the public to support and believe in theresearch. Other guidelines such as human rights, animal welfare, compliancewith the law, conflicts of interest, safety and health standards and so forth,must be followed by the researcher. These ethical issues are greatly impactthe integrity of the research project and affected the chances to receivefunding if researcher cannot achieve this requirement.Ethical considerationsare so important in research, so that many professional associations andagencies have adopted codes and policies for the outline of ethical behaviorand guide researchers. The examples of codes address issues is honesty,objectivity, respect for intellectual property, social responsibility,confidentiality, non-discrimination and many others.
It provides basicguidelines foe researcher. However, there are additional issues will be facingout and specifically addressed during this work and this will requiredecision-making of the researcher in order to avoid misconduct. The resourceon this page address includes many of those issues in researching project.
Examples,the case studies project will used in these resources provide excellentexamples of these types of issues. Themost important ethical considerations in research are the use of humansubjects. To address these considerations, most institutions andorganizations have developed an Institutional Review Board (IRB). An IRBis a panel of people who help to ensure the safety of human subjects inresearch and who can assist in making sure that human rights are notviolated. They review the research methodology in grant proposals toassure that ethical practices are being utilized. The use of an IRB alsohelps to protect the institution and the researchers against potential legalimplications from any behavior that may be deemed unethical.
It make theproject be easier to conduct and collecting the data by the researcher.Examplesof some of these issues include voluntary participation and informedconsent. The voluntary participation requires thatpeople not be coerced into participating in research. It required of informed consent whereby participants must be fullyinformed about the procedures and risks involved in research and they must givetheir consent to participate. The risk of cause harm can bedefined as both physical and psychological aspect. Ethical standards also protect theconfidentiality and anonymity of the subjects.
Goodresearch practice often requires the use of a no-treatment control group whichthere is a group of participantswho do not get the treatmentor program that is being studied. But when that treatment or program may have beneficial effects, thepersons assigned to the no-treatment control may feel of their rights to equalaccess to services are being curtailed.