Evans Poetry Terms Metonymy-Verse (45-65)

Metonymy
A figure of speech in which one word is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. Some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience.

Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. examples of onomatopoeic words can be found in numerous Nursery Rhymes E.g. clippety-clop

Paradox
A paradox is a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements.

Pentameter
A line of poetry the that five metrical feet.

Persona
Persona refers to the narrator or speaker of the poem, not to be confused with author.

Quatrain
A stanza or poem of four lines

Refrain
A phrase, line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after a stanza

Rhyme
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words.

Rhythm
Rhythm is significant in poetry because poetry is so emotionally charged and intense. Rhythm can be measured in terms of heavily stressed to less heavily accented syllable and one or more lightly accented syllable.

Rising Meter
Anapestic and iambic meters are called rising meters because they move from an unstressed syllable to a stressed syllable.

Scansion
The analysis of a poem’s meter. This is tally done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line and then, based on the pattern of the stresses, dividing the line into feet.

Spondee
A metrical foot of two syllables, both of which are long (or stressed)

Stanza
Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme.

Stress
Stress refers to the accent or emphasis, either strong or weak, given to each syllable in a piece of writing, as determined by conventional pronunciation.

Synecdoche
Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole.

Syntax
Syntax refers to word order and sentence structure. Normal word order in English sentences is firmly fixed in subject-verb object sequence or subject verb complement. IN poetry word order may be shifted around to meet emphasis, to heighten the connection between two words, or to pick up on specific implications or traditions.

Tetrameter
A line of poetry that has four metrical feet

Trochee
A metrical foot of two syllables, one long (or stresses) and one short (or undressed)

Understatement
Understatement refers to the intentional downplaying of a situation’s significance, often for ironic or humorous effect

Verse
A single metrical line of poetry, or poetry in general (as opposed to prose)