Everyone certainly knows England becauseEngland is famous country in Europe and in the world. England is one of developcountry in the world that is progressing in all fields such as in the field ofEducation, Economic, Industry, Literature and etc. In spite from that advances,make England have diverse literature work from ancient literature until modernliterary work. English literatures develop well and advances depend in everyperiod.
In every period the literary work had different characteristic. Thecharacteristic of English literature was influenced from every event thatoccurs in every period. That event was very inspirited the writer to create theliterary work.
English literature usually developed in the form of prose,poetry, drama, novels, essays, and other literary works. In every literaryworks was made by a great and famous English writer in every period. Seen from the history, English had manygreatest and famous writers in every period.
One of the famous writers in Englishliteratures was Samuel Taylor Coleridge and he was famous in the age of returnto nature or can call the age of romanticism.He made great works in that period and made himself a famous writer in the ageof romanticism. In this essay would discuss more about the life of Coleridge,his work and his work affected the historical background in the age of returnto nature.SamuelTaylor Coleridge was born on 21 October 1772 in Devonshire, England.
His fathernamed John Coleridge as a vicar of Ottery St Mary and master of grammaticalschool. Her father marriage twice and had thirteen children but the youngerchildren from his families was Coleridge. Coleridge studied in grammaticalschool where his father as a headmaster from his school. His father pass awaywhen he was nine years old and he continue his studied in Christ’s Hospital School, London.
InLondon he best friend with CharlesLamband also with his classmate named TomEvans.When he stayed in London, he love with the girl named Marry and the girl thathe loves was the sister of Tom Evans. In 1791 he studied in University of Cambridge and focusedin the future as a clergyman in the Church of England. He became acontroversial figure in Cambridge because following and supporter William freedwho Fellow of Unitarian belief. In Cambridge he also had a lot of deft thatrequire her brother to pay of all. On June 1794 when he went to Wales, hedelays his route because met with RobertSoutheyand became a best friend. After visited wales, he back to England for attendedthe engagement of Southey with EdithFrickerand began his carrier as a writer. In 1795 he married with Sarah who the other child of Frickerthat didn’t he love because he still love with Marry who was engaged withanother man.
In 1795 he became best friend with William Wordsworth and workpartner inliterature. In 1800 he stayed in Keswick with his family and his friends. Hebegan to continue his studied about literature, philosophy and also was secretary’sgovernor in Malta Island. Finally On 25th July 1834 he passed awaybecause illness of addicted opium. The works of Coleridge were poetry, prose anddrama. In 1795 Coleridge and Southey made drama the title was The Fall ofRobespierre but what that they made was failed because Southey continue hislegal heritage and leave their project until that.
From that Coleridge began towrite several literary works. His workswas influenced by William Wordsworth and started writing with nature style. He wroteconversation poem the titles of his pome were The Eolian Harp” and “This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison usedtheir friends experience as a subject. In 1796 he success to produce the first book poem thetitle was on various subjects.
In 1798 Coleridge and William also made the bookpoem the title was LyricalBallads. In that poem contain the poem of William andColeridge which consist of nineteen poems from William and four poems work byColeridge. This poem was very popular andbecome the great work in the age of return and nature. The famous poem work byColeridge was The Rimeof the Ancient Mariner also contain in lyrical Ballads.
The prose of Coleridgeused philosophical theme and got it from journalistic. In 1796 he also began to write prose the title was TheWatchman that only consists of ten numbers and he wrote by periodically. Healso wrote the other prose the title was The Morning Post which following themiscellaneous prose and “The friends” produce at Panrith that only consist often numbers same with the watchman. In1817 he success to produce Biographia literaria which contained his bestliterary criticism and made he became the greatest of English criticliterature. The Other famous prose and poetry create by Coleridge were SibyllineLeaves, Aids to Reflection, and Church and State. Coleridge also made same drama suchas The Fall of Robespierre. An Historic Drama and Remorse, A Tragedy, inFive Acts.
Theage of return to nature was motivated by the occurrence of French Revolutionthat made the writer of this period make literary works related with the eventthat was been occurrence. At this period, there wasrevolution French with the existence of the war in the Europe until 1815 thatcan cause there were hostility and cruelty result from the power of Napoleon.Atthis time people was expect to freedom, equality and sense of brotherhood toeach other. Relating to the historical background of this event, made Coleridgeinspired to create poem the title was “Ode to France” which toldabout the rise and fall the expectation of the liberal British youth. Coleridgemade that poem because that time there was the occurrence of liberal Englishafter the destruction of Napoleon power. Britain was very excited to welcomethe freedom that was appeared at that time. French Revolution strongly affectedtwo famous writer in the age of romanticism such as William and Coleridge to collaborationto made the literary work based on theevent that was been occurred. The literary work that successes they made was abook of poem namely Lyrical Ballads that contain some work of Coleridge whichaffected with the revolution France especially the restoration.
Oneof Coleridge’s work contain in the lyrical ballads that affected with the RevolutionFrance was Ode in the Destruction of the Bastille which told about the joy offreedom. With the revolution French that had been happened, Coleridge welcomedthat event to create the literary work with Joy. As the name of the age, theliterary work by Coleridge that affected with the historical background usedthe natural style without artificial beauty and his work was really genuinelynatural and pure. In the age of return to nature or cancalled the romanticism can affected Cambridge to create some works with naturalstyle related with the French revolution that existed in that time. Initiallyhe wrote some work with nature style that related with the existing eventsbecause it was influenced by his friends named William Wordsworth. Wordsworthalso the great writer in the age of romanticism that made the literary worksused natural style for the first time related with the even was been occur inthat time. Inconclusion, Samuel Taylor Cambridge was one of great writer in the age ofreturn to nature.
There are three the important information that contain inthis essay about Coleridge, that are: his life of Coleridge until he became thegreater writer in this age, his work and his work that affected with thehistorical background in the age of romanticism. In his life tell about his familiesand the life of Coleridge from he continue his study in grammatical schooluntil became the greatest English writer. Coleridge created same literaturework in the form of poetry, prose and drama. He wrote literary work used naturestyle with full imagination. The great works of Coleridge were Lyrical Ballads he made with hisfriend namely William Wordsworth and success to create Biographialiteraria. The work of Coleridge affected with revolution French which occurrencein that age. He produced some work related with the event that was happened inthe age of return to nature.
So thegreat work that he create made he became one of great English writer in the ageof Romanticism. Resources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Taylor_Coleridgehttp://rajgunsimaramora.blogspot.co.id/2012/04/periode-romantisme-1800.html?m=1