Faculty the successful adoption of technology in health

 

 

Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing

GTU304KM: Information Technology
& Global Development

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Family Name(s)   :  MENSAH

 

Forename(s): PHYLLIS DZIFAH

 

ID NUMBER: 8356624

 

Coursework type:
Research Report

 

Lecturer:
Dr. Stephen Asunka

 

Ind/Group: Individual

 

Module Code:

 

GTU304KM

Hand out date:15/11/2017

 

Due
date: 11/12/2017

 

Cohort
(Sept/Jan/May)

 

 

 

 

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ICT IN HEALTH

Why ICT in HEALTH?

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The broad use of digital in the health systems of developed
societies, has implications for different actors in the health-disease process
and the process of providing care to the community. This area must be
considered from the view point of patients, from the outlook of health
professionals and, also from the perspective of health organizations. When a
lot of developed countries had integrated Information and Communication Technology
(ICT) in their care processes, a new perspective on controlling information and
allowing the use of data for health research to improve patient care it is
opening. In this new care setting, health professionals, and particularly
nurses, have a key role, raising the need for specific education and training
to be able to respond to this new scenario. It involves a process of adaptation
for the professionals. At the same time, the joined and implementation of ICT
in the health sector, involves a process of adaptation for the patients or
users and for the health institutions.

 

BENEFITS

These are some benefits that
have contributed to the successful adoption of technology in health in our
societies: Improved capacity for connection between Doctors and Patients: With
technology being widely access, there are opportunity that everyone has some
sort of access to doctor and health websites. These platforms can create chat
boxes and instant messengers, where real doctors and nurses can monitor
communications. When a patient put across a question, the doctors and nurses
can gives positive answers and share their thoughts and advice better ability
to communicate is important for keeping the health protected. It helps to keep
the questions over information system to a minimum and reduces the number of
people lining up in the hospital with fears they are dying. The people online
can read the symptoms and share their beliefs based on them, supporting to
reduce worry. Individuals who do need to seek medical help will be able to get
to the hospital or their personal doctor right from there. They can take the
medical report of the chats to help with a feedback of the symptoms and working
through the fear leads to stress and that leads to high blood pressure and
other health challenges .People who run away from doctors fearing that they are
wasting time can get confirmation that they need to get the help.

Higher capacity to complete analysis issues:

The internet has really opened
the mind to seeking information. We all seek to turn to Google, named it Dr.
Google. The search engine gives you access to enter your symptoms or ask
questions about the symptom to look out all the diseases that involve it.
People look through a lot of other causes to know the chances of suffering from
this sickness. It is very important when it comes to knowing whether to speak
to a doctor. They personally can take the information and use it to decide
whether their health needs quick attention. They also use that little research
to get onto the chat boxes to receive advice from the doctors and nurses, as
mentioned above. There are many more reputable medical websites.

Higher
medication Opportunity for various brands of sickness and Disorders.

 It’s no secret that
treatments have advanced in recent years in technology in the health sector to
such that some sickness is virtually unknown. Vaccinations and types of medical
improvement have completely done away with the likes of smallpox and led in such
a way that where polio is now not much common and treatable. Some of the
advances have only come in the last few years, and are all due to the spread of
technology in the society. The ability to do much research and check without
using animals and humans. There are ways to create vaccinations and treatments
without putting people at risk, doubling the opportunity for a good betterment
of life. Looking at how HIV treatments have changed since the disease was noted
in the early 1980s. But as at now at a point where the virus cannot have the

Enhanced forecast of
examination and growth assurance

Technology has aided us to improve the calculation of a
diagnosis. Doctors now have data in one place and can refer to all the symptoms
at once. Doctors now have formulas to work out best on when an outbreak occurs.
  Let us use the pre-diabetes findings. Supposing
you were told that you are a pre-diabetic, this would mean that you that you
risk the chance of having it. Before technology improves, you would have found
out about diabetes only when you started suffering from it. There wouldn’t have
been any opportunity to take restraints to help alternate/change your living habits
to avoid it from happening.   In some
ways, you wouldn’t noticed the side effects. You wouldn’t have perceived that
you had a disease until it caused a serious medical problem and /or even death.  Thanks to technology for an improvement on
cervical screening for women.  

Rapid and higher correct
examination of position

Although the prediction side of medical analysis is improved
in our societies, the know-how has also grown with the accuracy of a diagnosis
in the society. Now, doctors gather information in one place and are able to
keep an eye on results more closely. Most of the time doctors don’t get all the
information. In other aspects, the situation is so widespread that doctors
haven’t even bothered to take note of them. Instead, individuals are treated
for conditions that are more common or more believed to have.

FACTORS

 Three factors that have contributed to the
successful adoption of the technology in the society:

Enhanced
tolerant charge and employee competence: Technology has causes patient health care
safer and reliable than before. Nurses and doctors use mobile
computers to record a patient’s medical details and see that they are doing the
right treatment. Outcomes of lab tests, accesses of important signs, and
medicine request are done technologically send into a main database that can be
accessed later. And as more institutions are adopting electronic health
records, patients have easy way to get to their own information so they understand
what is being done to them.

 Physicians are
effortless to grasp and choice at their operations:  the access of smart phones
can help doctors reach a lot of pages of medical textbooks. They also use online
medical databases to quickly check on studies and information about patient.
Technology has also helped doctors to have access to their e-mail, texts,
videos, and conference facilities to seek help from other doctors across world.
This is also called telemedicine, usually helpful for doctors and patients in
the society and under-developed countries. Without transferring, doctors can seek
professionals from other world to diagnose, treat, and research conditions
without the help of matured hospital. Telemedicine
was used accurately in 2010 Haiti earthquake and will no fear be polished for
future use

 

Choice
medication and less discomfort: Let us not close our minds on how technology has transformed
healthcare by bringing in new
machines, medicines, and treatments that prove lives and changed the chance of recovery for societies
and the entire world wide. Not
only do matured medical practitioners help patients recover straight; the new technology
trend has also changed research so professionals can take healthcare even more seriously.
On this note this is a true means by which new technology improved.  The life of someone who suffered from chronic adverse killer disease is only one example
of how lives are being improved in an efficient, way every time.

ROLES 

Roles governments might have played
towards the successful adoption and effective utilization of this technology by
society:

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whereby the government using technology to organized programs on public radios,
TVs, social media and also have access to them on our various devices base on
health related issues example the outbreak of diseases like tuberculosis, malaria,
HIV, H1N1 FLU and AIDS to educate the society most especially what is going on
in the society now and how to get involve in health screenings and know the importance
of health and also know how to detect things early.

Hand- in- Hand Agreement with the
traditional rulers: the Government has recently implemented
something sort of this, coming in agreement with the traditional rulers in the
society between the doctors, nurses and chiefs to help organized health   programs through the means of using technology
to educate the society to help talk and teach everyone in the society to realize
how important heaths issues are and how easy they can detect them. The better the
knowledge the easier it can be treated.

Lastly
through the means of technology the Government can help organize free health screening
programs through the help of the media groups in the society. Which can be done
through the move from house to house in the society. This immunization or the
free screening program on other diseases like hypertension, diabetes and HIV
and AIDS.

 

 

RISKS

The possible risks to society by
continued use of this technology:

1.    
In the Journal of
Telemedicine and Tele care, it was found out that manual phone call reminders
to patients before their appointment was more effective in curbing missing appointment
that sending automated reminders.

2.    
Seclusion and guarantee matter. Privacy and security risks are exposed
to hackers. Identity theft and unsanctioned access and exploitation of patient information is at risk.

3.    
Digital worker form and clinical decision support may increase duplicate medication
order errors, according to a study published in Journal of the
American Medical Informatics Association. The researchers found that duplicate medication errors
increased from 48 before CPOE implementation to 167 after implementation.

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion,
it’s surprising to move back and see just how far our society has come
technologically. If someone from 100 years ago quickly launched themselves in
today’s world, they would think they had been teleported into another era. From
improved practical competence to high level in patient care, the healthcare innovation
has improved the whole experience for both tolerant and medical Doctors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERRENCES

1.    
Published on (June 10, 2015) /www.linkedin.com/pulse/6-ways-technology-improving-healthcare-

jerin-varughes e-mathew.

2.    
 JAMIE DUCHARME ·( 9/23/2013,) 10:15
a.m. Five Common Health
Rumors, Debunked

3.    
www.beckershospitalreview.com/healthcare-information-technology/7-recent-studies-on-benefits-risks-of-health-it.html

4.    
http://www.ncpa.org/pdfs/st327.pdf  Health Information Technology: Benefits and
Problems Policy Report No. 327 by Devon M. Herrick, Linda Gorman (April 2010 )and
John C. Goodma

5.    
8 Ways Technology Is Improving Your Health BY KAREN REED WEDNESDAY, (FEBRUARY 22, 2017)

     
6..https://www.elcomcms.com/resources/blog/the-impact-of-technology-in-healthcare-trends-benefits-examples
 by Siv Rauv

(14 Jun 2017)