Feminism refers to an organised movement that supports women’s rights and the equality of the sexes. Despite the many variations of feminism ranging from; liberal, radical and social, each movement aims to express women’s personal experiences whereby they face oppression due to patriarchy in their daily lives. This has initially limited their roles in society, hindering their efforts to succeed in life, a problem that is still relevant to the modern day. Feminist artists emerged predominantly in the 1970s, whom similarly intend to create art that reflects the issues in women’s lives and experiences through feminist perspective for the viewer. The feminist art movement significantly challenges the social hierarchy giving women an equal position to their male oppositions, changing societies norms and further achieving their goals of liberating sexism 1. Therefore, the feminist art movement has both informed and shaped aesthetic attitudes and studio practices drastically through taking an avant-garde approach. It has transformed “traditional art forms such as paintings to more unorthodox methods such as conceptual art, performance art, body art” and various other uses of media. “Feminist art serving as an innovative driving force towards expanding the definition of art” has allowed society to become aware of female discrimination, therefore many artforms now avert oppression whilst also attaining a feminist perspective for viewers 1. Despite many other political ideologies that have shaped attitudes to art, the feminist art movement in achieving a greater impact.
Judy Chicago was “one of the pioneers of Feminist art in the 1970s”. Her work focused on “questioning the authority the of male-dominated society which has posed one of the most significant challenges to modernism”. This at the time was deemed rather controversial and raised political activity which in ways has shaped aesthetic attitudes and studio practice of art.