Fireside Poets

The First Snowfall
Lowell

Auspex
Lowell

Snowbound
Whitter

Hampton Beach
Whitter

The First Snowfall blurb
dead daughter kissed in the snow

Auspex blurb
birds leave nest for winter

Snowbound blurb
staying inside; trapped by the snow

Hampton Beach blurb
keeping your quiet place-beach

Lowell writing style
writes about death of children and wife; uses rhyme and rhythm, sad, melancholic tone

Lowell Bio
Suspended from harvard, poet of his class, “The Pioneer” was their first work – magazine, wife passed away and free of four infants died, death is a mystery (gout in arm or cancer)

definition of tone
the writer’s attitude towards his or her subject, characters, or audience. Revealed through writer’s choice of words and portrayal of characters and events

Whitter’s writing style
writes about abolition, nature, and religion; iamb tetrameter (snowbound), great, vivid imagery

whittier bio
Shoemaker and teacher, quaker, abolitionist, poor family background, uneducated, poet, journalist, editor, Didn’t get fame until later in life, grew up on a farm

Imagery definition
refers to words or phrases that create mental pictures that appeal to one or more of the five senses, mostly sight

The Skeleton in Armor
Longfellow

The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls
Longfellow

A Psalm of Life
Longfellow

The Arsenal at Springfield
Longfellow

The Skeleton in Armor blurb
skeleton found – viking story

The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls blurb
traveler leaving footprints – ocean – good impression while it lasts

A Psalm of Life blurb
footprints for encouragement like the men before

Arsenal at Springfield blurb
arsenal as an organ – terrible sound of war

Longfellow’s writing style
focused on history of early America; optimistic mood; iambic meter, evoked emotion, uses rhyme and rythem

Longfellow bio
most popular poet of his time because of his variety of themes, quit successful teaching career for poetry, only poet to have a statue in the poets corner, spent 4 years studying in europe, criticized for being overly optimistic, Writing got darker when wife died

stanza definiton
unit of poetry organized into units; arranged according to rhyme and meter, or rhythm.

Rhyme scheme defintion
different letters with the different rhymes

2 line stanza
couplet

3 line stanza
tercet

4 line stanza
quatrain

5 line stanza
cinquain

6 line stanza
sestet

8 line stanza
octave

The Chambered Nautilus
Holmes

Old Ironsides
Holmes

The Chambered Nautilus blurb
nautilus moving on from past – closing the chambers of the past

Old Ironsides blurb
USS Constitution – don’t want to be turned into toothpicks, better for it to sink

Holmes writing style
metaphors (nautilus), iamb and trochee, rhyme, rhythm, meter, comparisons between concrete and abstract things

Holmes bio
graduated from harvard and was a doctor, teacher and dean at dartmouth, son was a famous civil war veteran, professor of anatomy, studied law and medicine, wrote poetry for fun, descendent of Anne Bradstreet

meter definition
arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables

foot definition
basic unit of meter

scansion definition
the analysis of the meter of poetry

1 foot
monometer

2 feet
dimeter

3 feet
trimeter

4 feet
tetrameter

5 feet
pentameter

6 feet
hexameter

iamb
u /

trochee
/ u

anapest
u u /

dactyl
/ u u

Success is counted sweetest
Dickinson

A narrow fellow in the grass
Dickinson

As imperceptibly as greif
Dickinson

Hope is the thing with feathers
Dickinson

I never saw a moor
Dickinson

How happy is the little stone
Dickinson

Success is counted sweetest blurb
Dying man knows victory better

A narrow fellow in the grass blurb
Snake in grass

As imperceptibly as grief blurb
Grief slowly passing

Hope is the thing with feathers blurb
Bird -> hope in soul

I never saw a moor blurb
Never seen heaven

How happy is the little stone blurb
Wants to be like the stone -> carefree

Dickinson writing style
Mostly iamb, quatrain, tetra meter and trimester, visual rhymes, failed relationships influenced poems, wrote with no punctuation – only dashes, irregular rhyme and meter, abab and abcb, unique style, concrete imagery, forceful language

Dickinson bio
The people they came in contact with had a major impact on their writing, well educated, dedicated writer in her 20s, unsociable in later years, never married, dressed in only white in later years, studied botany, 1775 poems

This is my letter to the world
Dickinson

This is my letter to the world blurb
Saying don’t judge her writing

Theme
Central idea or insight into the life that the writer conveys in a work of literature. Sometimes directly stated or implied

Style
Manner in which the writer puts his or her ideas into words

Simile/ metaphor
Comparisons between 2 unlike things (smile uses like or as)