For many years, theconventional reasons have been assumed to be the cause of Germany’s downfall.
Whilewe commemorate of the 70 years of the end of World War II, fresh evidence hasbeen uncovered by historians, claiming to be able to challenge or even overturnthe original reasons given for the defeat of the Axis powers. The conventional reasons given for the defeat of Germany wasthe entry of the USA in the war. The USA has had both direct and indirectinvolvement in war, aiding the Allies since the start in September 1939,indirectly via ‘Cash and Carry policy’, ‘Lend Lease act’ and others.
The ‘Cashand Carry policy’ allowed Britain and France to buy goods from USA. The ‘LendLease Act’ was changed from the policy as Britain’s resources were depleting. Withthe Act, the US had the authority to supply resources to any country whosedefence the President thought was important to the security of USA. On7 December 1941, Japan’s attack on the US fleet at Pearl Harbour encouraged theUS to declare war on Japan the next day. With the entry of USA in the war, USAcould openly aid the Allied Powers with the provision of manpower, resources,and collaborated military strategies with the Allies, boosting the power of theAllied Powers. The Axis powers were unable to match USA’s industrialcapabilities.
Economic sanctions were imposed on the Axis and thus deprived theGermany of essential resources, weakening them. This provided the Allies withgreater opportunities and success at bombing German cities, reducingeffectiveness of German U-boats until the point they had to be recalled. The Battle of Normandy resulted in Allied liberation ofWestern Europe from Germany’s control.
The Allies lead a deception campaign withthe intention to deceive the Germans about the actual invasion target beforethe battle. By August 1944, northern France had been liberated, followed by thedefeat of the Axis.However, the new evidence discovered suggest that Germany could have lostmore so due to miscalculations and weaknesses. Having victories early in thewar under his commands, Hitler considered himself a military genius. However,when they were on the losing side of the war, his Generals were blamed for notfollowing his orders. For instance, despite his Generals’ advice, Hitler’slaunch of the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 caused Germany to be at aloss of manpower and resources. The Soviets launched a counterattack threateningthe Germans to retreat when the attack on Moscow was stalled in December 1941.Hitler removed officers for not obeying his orders and made himself commanderin chief of the army planning out the strategies for his troops to follow.
Hitler made miscalculations by using resources and military fundsinappropriately. He wanted the most advanced, most powerful weapons during thetime to be created in order to have the military advantage. However, heoverestimated the supply of resources and many weapons could not be massproduced to be effective in the war.
An example of such a weapon is the 31.5inch cannon, which only two were built but only one in use, translating intobeing time-consuming, a waste of materials despite being very destructive.Manpower was limited compared to the Allies, USA, as during that time women ofGermany were discouraged of working and so it was hard to keep up with thedemand, putting them at a disadvantage.
In order to achieve the goal ofLebensraum,