Frances M. Wright-TelladoDr. BrooksherEDUC 3300- 00227 January 2018Disabilities Content (ID, Ortho, and SLI) Notes and QuestionsID (Intellectual Disabilities)o Intellectual disabilities are not intrinsic nor innate traits, but is distinguished by a combination of deficiencies in, “cognitive functioning and adaptive behavior”. With this, the severity of the intellectual disability is ascertained by the abilities of learning and “expectations” of the social environment.
o There are often to two attributes split by intellectually disabled individuals; limits in intellectual operation and in adaptive comportment.o Scholars which are categorized with “mild” intellectual disability, exhibit hindrances in cognitive, social, and adaptive comportment skills.o Curriculum and instruction should be strategically adapted in to aid these scholars in achieving their schooling and zones alike individualistic living. o Teachers must deliver “direct instruction” in numerous skill zones that are external of the common curriculum (finances, time, individualistic living, and hygiene).o Assistive technology could aid scholars with an intellectual disability in learning, instructions, and can alter to satisfy the needs of the individual.
Question: What types of essential “images” can teachers instruct scholars with an intellectual disability?Ortho (Orthopedic)o Orthopedic impairment is an acute orthopedic impairment ( whether by congenital anomaly, illness or other cause) that impacts a child’s scholarly production. o There are two common types of “neuromotor” impairments; cerebral palsy and spina bifida. However, in additional to this, there are also “degenerative diseases” and “musculoskeletal disorders”.o Most scholars with this type of impairment have neither, “cognitive, learning, perceptual, language, or sensory issues”. o General teacher and special teacher are obliged to participate together to integrate the scholar in the common curriculum.Question: How can the general classroom teacher and the special education teacher, jointly, ensure that an orthopedic impaired scholar is integrated within the common curriculum?SLI (Speech or Language Impairments)o Speech and language impairment is a “communication disorder” that impacts the child’s capability to speak, comprehend, peruse, and inscribe.o There are three varieties of speech impairment; “articulation disorders (omissions, substitutions, and distortions), fluency disorders (stuttering, and cluttering), and voice disorders”.o There are five zones of language impairments; “phonological disorders, morphological disorders, semantic disorders, syntactic deficits, and pragmatic difficulties”.o Can have an acute result on the facets of their existence.o Joinment of a multidisciplinary group obliged.o Should work with scholar’s speech-language pathologist to integrate plans of action to aid the scholar..o Assistive technology (“computer software and alternative communication ACC”)Question: What type of TEAM is necessary in providing scholars with a speech or language impairment with successful instruction?