GEOG 2P01 Facilitation Cole Moder 6035216 The article for discussion today is by Shelly Budgeon titled The Dynamics of Gender Hegemony: Femininities, Masculinities and Social Change (2014). In this article, Budgeon dynamically examines how hegemonic relations are reproduced with the production of plural femininities and masculinities. (Abstract) In the article, Budgeons main argument is how with evolution, the representation of the social construction of genders have affected the way we analyze, convey, and express ourselves differently in gender roles.
The thought of “new femininities’ has brought up discussion about what feminine roles are and how genders have become more complex and diverse. This topic of discussion brings up a very good point about gender and how stereotyping males and females with a ‘commonsense’ (318) point of view has constructed our thinking into believing that there are differences in what man should do versus what women should do. PLAY VIDEO 1. Budgeon introduces a new term ‘New Femininities’ which has changed the viewpoint on feminism by ‘de-naturalizing’ and redeveloping what it means to be feminine. The structure of the article is broken up into different sections flipping back to how society structures difference in genders versus how feministic characteristics are shown today. We then take a step back and look at the Gender, Power and Hegemony as a whole and how leadership and predominance are shown with hegemonic masculinity which shows male dominance which is currently accepted and subordinates female positions are not (322). It is demonstrated in the next section how ‘New Femininities’ and how femininity is difficult to be incorporated with masculinity. It is mentioned on page 325 that “Modernization is not about women becoming masculine but about becoming individuals as constituted by discourses associated with modern individualism in which masculine attributes are conflated with individuality.
Lastly, Budgeon concludes that changes are often portrayed into favor for women showing how empowerment is in their favor, but it challenges who is “assertive, dynamic and free from confines of passive femininity against vulnerable females” (330). Prior research and investigation prove that the evidence proven provides critical support to the argument of the representation of social construction to gender, in specifics femininity. Budgeon uses evidence such as the study conducted by Volman and Dam (1998) for examining the dynamics of gender hegemony. This study took place in an educational setting in a Dutch school where they are for gender equality. The findings Volman and Dam came across showed that gender was not considered as these young students believed that gender was “OId Fashioned” terminology (326).
This calls into question why society in whole does not think that gender is an old stereotyped image. It also shows that although slowly, society is trying to accept gender as a whole and to not be discriminative towards gender roles. This article connects with this week’s lecture on the introduction of social geography. Although not directly connected, the instructor defined social geography as “the study of patterns arising from the use of which social groups make space with the processes which underlie patterns and lifestyles that form around individuals.
” (Lecture 2) Looking at this, we can connect how people define themselves and can be connected to how social construction of gender is evolutional to the hegemonic principles. The big picture to take away from this is gender is not just the difference between men and women, but it is the differences in identity, expression and body language which can connect with peoples cognitive space of having values and feelings. (Lecture 2)