Glenbard west Honors Poetry Terms

allegory
a story in which the characters settings and events stand for abstract or moral concepts

alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close to one another

allusion
a reference to a statement person place or thing that is known to literature history religion etc

aphorism
a concise sometimes witty saying that expresses a truth or observation about life

apostrophe
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality non human

assonance
the repetition of similar vowel like sounds followed by different constant sounds in words that are close together

ballad
s dong or song like poem that tells a story

blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

caesura
a pause of break with in a line of poetry

canto
a subdivision in a long poem, corresponding to a chapter in a book

conceit
a fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprisingly connection between two dissimilar things

connotation
all the meanings, associations, or emotions that have come to be attached to the word Ex) cuisine instead of cooking

consonance
the repetition of final consonant sounds after two different vowel sounds

couplet
2 lines of poetry that rhyme with each other

diction
a writers or speakers choice of words

denotation
the literal dictionary definition of a word

dramatic sound
a poem found in a play that serves establish mood, reveals character, or advance action

elegy
a poem that mourns a death or loss

end-stopped-line
a line of poetry in which the meter and the meaning conclude with the end of the line

epic
a long narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a larger than life hero who embodies the values of a particular society

epithet
an adjective or other descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place or thing

anapestic
2 unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable (UU/)

dactylic
stressed followed by 2 unstressed /UU

end rhyme
a rhyming of 2 or more lines or verse

figurative language/ figure of speech
a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another, not meant to be understood

foot
(meter) a group of syllables taken as a group of poetic meter

heroic couplet
rhymed paid of iambic pentameter lines

hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or create comic effect

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

iambic pentameter
a line of poetry made up of five iambs/ metrical foot/ unit of measure
unstressed, stresses
U/

internal rhyme
2 or more words that rhyme with in one line or verse

lyric poem
a poem that focuses on expressing emotions or thoughts rather than on telling a story

metaphor
figure of speech that makes a comparison

metaphysical poetry
a term applied to the poetry of John Donne (ex) that wrote in an abstract style- characterized by ingenious obscure imagery, rough sounding

meter
a generally regular pattern of stresses and unstressed syllables in poetry

metonymy
a figure of speech in which something closely related to a thing or suggested by it’s substituted for a thing itself

mood
the feeling set by atmosphere in a literary work

narrative poem
poems including ballads, epics, verse romance that tells a story followed by plot diagram o

octave
an 8 line stanza or poem

ode
long lyric poem on a serious subject

onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sounds imitates or suggests its meaning

Ottava rima
an 8 line stanza in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme ABABABCC

oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines contradictory ideas

oral tradition
passing on from one generation to another through word of mouth

paradox
an apparent contradiction that reveals truth

pastoral
A type of literature that depicts rural life

personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feeling thought or attitudes

quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines with alternating rhymes

refrain
a phrase or line repeated at intervals with a poem especially at the end of a stanza

rhyme
poetry having correspondence in terminal sounds

rhyme scheme
rhyming arrangement in poems

rhythm
an audible pattern in verse established by the intervals between stressed syllables

run on line
a line of poetry in which the punctuation is not contained with in the line and the line breaks with out being punctuated

sestet
the last six lines of an Italian sonnet

simile
a figure of speech that makes a comparison showing similarities between two different things

sonnet
14 lines written in iambic pentameter each line with ten syllables with a specific rhyme scheme

Petrarchan
a sonnet having an octave rhyme scheme also called Italian sonnet. it usually expresses an idea. ABBAABBAA

Shakespearean sonnet
iambic pentameter with 10 syllables with 3 quatrains and ends with a couplet. ABABCDCDEFEFGG

Spenserian sonnet
sonnet with 3 quatrains and a couplet ABABBCGCGEECDCD

speaker
imaginary voice assumed by author of poem

Spenserian stanza
fixed verse invented by Edmund spencer. contains 9 lines total, 8 in iambic pentameter

stanza
an arrangement of certain numbers of lines, usually four or more sometimes having a fixed length meter or rhyme scheme

symbol
literary device that contains several layers of meaning often concealed at first sight

synecdoche
a literary device that uses part of something to refer to the whole. rhetorical in nature

tercet
3 lined stanza or poem with a rhyme

terza rima
an Italian sonnet form with 10 to 11 syllables with the middle rhyming with the first tercet

tone
an attitude of a writer toward a subject or audience. can be informal, comic, formal, sarcastic, sad, cheerful etc

trochaic
a metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable stressed unstressed /U