GMO’S (Genetically modified Plants)Genetically modified plants have gained a lot ofmedia attention since biological scientists have started in developing it, Asit is has emerged two main concerns namely. 1:risk to the environment, 2: riskto the human health. Before Genetically modified plants were discovered anddeveloped it used to take up to 15 years to produce new varieties. But with thepower of genetic engineering it insanely speeds up the process by introducing asmall number of genes. Now a days there is a new generation of GM corps for theproduction of recombinant medicines and industrial products, such asantibodies, vaccines, biofuels and much more. Biofuels have continued toincrease in by 12% in 23 countries. Agrobacterium and tumefacens are the twomost commonly employed bacteriums. How are plants genetically modified?Plants aregenetically modified by “GeneGun” which shoots microscopic particles coated with DNA into the plantcell.
Genetic engineering has solved a lot more problems in the world likestarvation by creating something called golden rice. What is golden rice? Andis it safe to eat? Golden Rice is Are GM Plants safe to the environment?GM Plants can be inderictley safe due to their largeamount of growth due to these three reasons:1.GM Plants will hybridize with non-GM plantsthrough the transfer of pollen.2.GM plants may themselves become invasive weeds.3.
That the conditions required to grow GM plantswill affect local wildlife popuationsIn 2001, a highly publicized study with evidencecame out representing that GM genes from GM maize had, by cross population.Now it comes down to the question What is geneticmodification? “It is a series of techniques that allow us to move genes amongdifferent species and to modify genes so that their expression occurs when andhow we desire.”BACTERIA:”The potential for gene transfer is much greaterfor bacteria than plants because most species appear to be able to use at leasttwo of the three know methods for the promiscuous transfer of genes bymicrobes.”Examples of concerns associated with the releaseof GM Corps:”The transfer of genes from corps to bacteria.” (e.beringer)Perhaps one of the most unnecessary debates aboutrisks.Are Cloned Genes Likely to Behave Differently from Other Genes?It depends on the gene, and theselective pressures acting on the gene.
A cloned gene is integrated within thegenome of the host organism and is no more able to move from that site, or belost.If cloned gene confers a strongselective advantage, such as frost tolerance, it is possible that itsinheritance could present serious ecological problems. In Europe the number of farmers is less than thefarmers in Africa, Even though the number of farmers in Europe is much less,They still manage to be highly productive without GMO’S. While farmers inAfrica have much more farmers with less productivity.The future of GMO’S will depend on the Africangovernment choices.
There are two approaches used the European union approachand the U.S approach. In Europe there are new laws to GMO’S while the unitedstates are using the laws that were already in place to non-GMO foods. InEurope to screen and approve processed foods they need to create newinstitutions, While in the U.S they approve and screen from the same non-GMOinstitutions.
In the European approachif there’s a hypothetical risk it is agood reason for blockage and this shows how precautious they are while in theU.S even if the tests show that there are high risks they still passsuccessfully. The last approach in Europe if any product in the market placecontains GMO’S it must be labeled while in the U.S they don’t require labels.
In conclusion, new technologies should be allowed to be used while preventingthe risks associated with them and new tests in Europe say that there are nonew risks.