what is odyssey based on?
its an epic poem on greek mythology
what is an epic poem?
a long narrative poem about a national or legendary hero
what are the characteristics of an epic poem?
-incorporates myth, legend, folk tale, and history -heroes and their adventures appear longer than life (epic hero)
who is homer?
author of Iliad & Odyssey-the Iliad tells the story of the trojan war -the Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus’s long trip home after war -used the legendary material of the trojan jar as the basis for his poems
what was the trojan war about?
-all the kings of Greece went to Troy to fight to get Helen back -the only Greeks fought the Trojans for 10 years -Odysseus came to the rescue with a strategy to win the war that involved a huge wooden horse
fighting over a girl?
-Paris went to Sparta met and fell in love with Helen, and they ran away together to Troy (Paris’s home) -Menelaus demanded his wife to be returned, and when Paris refused, the Trojan war began
what was the trojan horse?
-to gain entrance into Troy, clever Odysseus ordered a large wooden horse to be built -its insides were hollow so that soldiers could hide within it -while the Trojans slept, Odysseus and his men climbed out of the horse’s belly, let their comrades into the city and slaughtered the spartans
11,300 line poem divided into 24 books (chapters) -it was passed down orally between the generations
three parts to the story:
-what happens in Ithaca to his wife, Penelope, and his son, Telemachus while he is gone?-what happens when Odysseus returns home to reclaim his throne and family? -how long has Odysseus been away from home?
list themes in the Odyssey
-loyalty & devotion -wandering hero -triumph of good over evil -obedience to the laws of the gods -greek ideal of a strong body and mind
who was Odysseus?
-the son of Laertes and the ruler or the island Kingdom of Ithaca -he was one of the most prominent Greek leaders in the Trojan war, and is the epic hero of the Odyssey
who was Penelope?
-she was the wife of Odysseus -she was known for her cleverness and for her faithfulness to her husband for 20 years
who was Telemachus?
-Odysseus and Penelope’s son -he grew up without a father, but Athena helped him gain self-confidence and assertiveness