Harlem Renaissance Time period
1920’s to 1930’s
What is Harlem Renaissance
was an African American cultural movement.It was centered around Harlem, a suburb of New York City.
Harlem Renaissance is also known as
The New Negro movement
Siginificane of the Renaissance
Considering African American literature, art and music
Types of music
Blues and Jazz
Rejecting European and American ways
rejected imitating the styles of Europeans and white Americans and instead celebrated black dignity and creativity.
Factors leading to renaissance
Abolition of slavery, the World War 1 etc
was the movement of 1.3 million African-Americans out of the Southern United States to the North, Midwest and West from 1915 to 1930.
The New Negro
a term coined in 1925 by sociologist and critic Alain LeRoy Locke.
was an American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist.
Hughes influence by
Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Carl Sandburg, and Walt Whitman
ughes refused to differentiate between his personal experience and the common experience of black America. He wanted to tell the stories of his people in ways that reflected their actual culture, including both their suffering and their love of music, laughter, and language itself.
Themes from the Negro seaks river
The Negro speaks river, metaphor use
The poem utilizes four of the world’s largest and most historically prominent rivers as a metaphor to present a view, almost a timeline in miniature, of the African-American experience throughout history.
Point of view “the Negro speakes rivers”
was an American Romantic poet. Cullen was one of the leading African American poets of his time, associated with the generation of black poets of the Harlem Renaissance.
Significane about cullen
he lacked the background to comment from personal experience on the lives of other blacks or use popular black themes in his writing.
Resistant to Modernists
Wrote in tradition of Keats and Shelley and was resistant to the new poetic techniques
From the Dark Tower
by Countee Cullen
symbol of planting seeds and reaping fruit
symbol of planting seeds and reaping fruit
expresses the frustration that inevitably falls to the individual or group of people caught in an unjust system.
The image of a person planting the seeds of his labor, knowing even as he plants that “others” will pluck the fruit, is a picture of the frustration which is so often the Negro’s lot.
paradoxes of social injustice
that the “abject and mute” victim must permit himself to be considered inferior by “lesser men”—that is, men who have lost a measure of their humanity because they have degraded their brothers
last line of the octave
Promises that there will be change
The night whose sable breast relieves the stark
The image suggests the pride in Negritude which became important in the Harlem Renaissance—the pride in the physical beauty of black people
was born in Jamaica, West Indies, in 1889.
In 1912, he travelled to the United States to attend Tuskegee Institute. He remained there only a few months, leaving to study agriculture at Kansas State University. McKay developed an interest in Communism and travelled to Russia and then to France where he met Edna St. Vincent Millay and Lewis Sinclair. he turned his attention to the teachings of various spiritual and political leaders in Harlem, eventually converting to Catholicism.
The tropics of newyork
is a poem based on the reminiscent mind of a man that is being reminded of his hometown by fruits.
Why does he mention the fruits in the first lines
To give the reader a feel for the tropics
Example of Imagery in Tropics of newyork
“Set in the window, bringing memories, of fruit-trees laden by low-singing rills, and dewy dawns, and mystical blue skies”
Themes in Tropics of New york
Culture Clash- The title of this poem is a contradiction, a clash of landscapes.Reminiscence and Memory-The odd contrast between the exotic fruit set against the New York urban landscape inspires the speaker to reminisce and long for his homeland. Alienation and Loneliness- A stranger in a strange landscape, the speaker first finds comfort in the familiar fruits he has placed on his windowsill to ripen, but soon he is overcome by the memories they evoke, as well as feelings of alienation and loneliness.
was an American poet and novelist and an important figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Reapers by Jean toomer
brings a sense of death to the reader’s mind. The speaker conveys a dark mood and setting.
Allilteration in Reapers
the very first line of this one stanza somewhat of an alliteration with the phrase “…the sound of steel on stones.”
Metaphor- “Black Horses”
somewhat of an alliteration with the phrase “…the sound of steel on stones.”
How does the rat die in the poem ?
Gets killed by the blade
is a group of related words containing subject and verb
Difference between phrase and clause
phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship
Two typers of clauses
Dependent and Independent
A clause that can stand by itself and still make sense. An indepedent clause could be its own sentence
A clause that cannot stand by itself and depends on an identical s