Hi, I’m Shanice Lodge. I attend Jupiter High School centre number US684, candidate number 2702.
My group’s topic is terrorism, my focus is on ethics. So I summon the question should terrorists get the death penalty? although this may seem like it has an obvious answer, many people have different point of views on this. A terrorist is defined as a person who uses unlawful violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims according to the oxford dictionary.
And the goal of terrorism is to strike fear into civilians to change the way of life and spread their message.According to the homeland security degree online there are five types of terrorism: State-Sponsored terrorism, which consists of terrorist acts on a state or government by a state or government.Dissent terrorism, which are terrorist groups that have rebelled against their government.
Terrorists and the Left and Right, which are groups rooted in political ideology.Religious terrorism, which are terrorist groups that are extremely religiously motivated andCriminal Terrorism, which are terrorists acts used to aid in crime and criminal profit. Getting the death penalty depends on the degree of the crime and how strict the judge is but in most places the death penalty is not allowed because it is frowned upon. Most people believe the death penalty is morally wrong and argue that the justice system makes mistakes.
The death penalty and who should get it is a very controversial topic and what is even more controversial is the question of terrorists getting the death penalty. You would think that everyone would say yes to terrorists getting the death penalty but some people argue that by killing the terrorists we become murderers too. After the Boston bombing, the death penalty was put in the spotlight again, “after Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the 21-year-old Boston bomber, was sentenced to death.
Tsarnaev helped plan and execute the bombings in 2013 with his older brother Tamerlan, who was later killed in a shootout with police. The bombing killed three people, including an eight-year-old boy. Some 264 people were injured, and more than a dozen people lost limbs. There was controversy over the fact that Tsarnaev was convicted by a jury in a federal court; had he been tried in a Massachusetts court, he would have received the maximum sentence of life imprisonment. Bostonians generally dislike the death penalty and it has been outlawed in Massachusetts since 1984.
After the sentence was handed down, a survey revealed that 61 percent of respondents would have preferred for him to have been given a life sentence. Even Bill and Denise Richards, the parents of the eight-year-old boy who was killed, wrote in support of Tsarnaev receiving life imprisonment over the death penalty… The death penalty is morally wrong. Tsarnaev’s casual disregard for human life is not best punished by the state taking his life in return” says Kevin Yuill from the university of Sunderland. Some say Tsarnaev and all terrorists would be better punished if they got a life sentence to repent for their crimes.
According to the crime museum “one of the biggest controversies surrounding punishment for terrorists is whether or not it is legal to use any form of torture against them. This, of course, also leads to the question of exactly where is the line between torture and legal methods of coercion. Most people would agree that torture is never acceptable for any reason, but some argue that if strategies can be utilized to force a terrorist to divulge information that is essential to the safety of a nation, then it is the responsibility of the government to do everything possible to force them to provide that information. Guantánamo Bay detention camp, also called Gitmo, U.S. detention facility on the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, located on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in southeastern Cuba.
Constructed in stages starting in 2002, the Guantánamo Bay detention camp was used to house Muslim militants and suspected terrorists captured by U.S. forces in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere. The facility became the focus of worldwide controversy over alleged violations of the legal rights of detainees under the Geneva Conventions and accusations of torture or abusive treatment of detainees by U.S.
authorities. Waterboarding is a common torture form, which is the process of suffocation by water and involves strapping the individual to a tilted board, with legs above their head, placing a cloth over their face, covering their nose and mouth. Water is then poured continuously over the cloth to prevent breathing, simulate drowning and induce panic. This process is carried out for about 40 seconds then repeated.Prison sentences are the most commonly issued forms of punishment for terrorists. They may be sent to maximum security penitentiaries where they will be watched closely and held in tight confinement. In recent times, incidents of torture have occurred at some of the facilities, which has brought the subject a large amount of public attention.
The final method for punishing a terrorist is the death penalty. While the subject of capital punishment has been hotly debated for decades, in many countries the taking of a life is considered to be worthy of losing your own. This is especially true in cases where the killing of one or more people is planned in advance, which is the case for every act of terrorism.” so therefore people are divided between the morality of the punishment and the justice part of it. On the other hand terrorists should get the death penalty because others argue that we are in a war and can’t fight a war without inciting fear and if they are willing to kill hundreds of people then it should be no problem for them to be punished severely. Even the current president of the United States Donald Trump is supportive of the death penalty for terrorists, when he posted a tweet after the terrorist attack in New York City that killed 8 people and injured a dozen more saying that the terrorist should get the death penalty.
Here are some ways in which countries handle terrorists according to the world coalition. In Afghanistan “the death penalty for terrorism is part of Afghanistan’s 1976 Penal Code.1 Numerous state executions for terrorism have taken place in response to the perceived increase in the terrorist threat. In 2012, six members of the Taliban were sentenced to death and then executed for “terror,” “carrying out bomb attacks” and “organising suicide attacks”In China, “the death penalty for terrorism can be imposed under authority of the 1979 Penal Code (as amended in 2011) and under the anti-terrorism law passed in 2015. Recently, the country has applied the death penalty on a large scale for terrorism within the framework of the campaign to “get tough” on “terrorism and violent religious extremism” in reaction to acts perpetrated in the Uyghur region of Xinjiang and labelled as “terrorist” by the Chinese authorities. In 2014, 21 individuals were executed in this region for acts related to terrorism.
These included 13 for “organising terrorist groups and participating in their activities as members, homicide, arson and theft, and the illegal manufacture, storage and transport of explosives”, and eight who were of Uyghur origin, for distinct terrorist attacks in Xinjiang and Beijing in the summer of 2013.”There are at least 15 countries where at least one person has been executed for crimes relating to terrorism, 12 countries where terrorists have been sentenced to death but it has not been carried out yet because death sentences take a long time to get all the paperwork done, and there are 38 countries who have the death penalty for terrorism but have not imposed or carried out any executions in the last ten years. “Under international human rights law, as prescribed in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the use of capital punishment is not absolutely prohibited. Its legal application, however, is restricted significantly. This limitation is found under article 6(2), which states that the death penalty may only be legally applied for what the treaty terms “most serious crimes”. The UN Secretary General and Special Rapporteurs on Torture and on Extrajudicial Executions have stated that “most serious crimes” refers only to intentional killing. “This information was from the world coalition and was published in july of 2016.To conclude, the death penalty is a controversial topic and terrorists getting the death penalty is even more controversial, but in general it all comes down to the degree of the crime and the sureness of the conviction.Thank you