History of the old Nile’, ‘thou grave charm.”

History of
English literature is full of tragic women but there is no one who is as famous
as Cleopatra, the political cunningness in her nature and her sexual appeal
made her a persisting figure in both fact and fiction for decades

            When Cleopatra meets Antony for the first time, she chose to
enhance herself as legendary creatures on a barge in the River Cydnus.
Enobarbus describe Cleopatra’s appearance in the play he said.  

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 “In her pavilion­­­­­ ­– cloth of gold, of

O’erpicturing that Venus where we

The fancy out work nature”
(Shakespeare,1994, p.no 59).

This depicted
the impression of luxurious attire of Cleopatra like a Queen. (Adamson, 2007.)

The word “Queen”
means “A powerful women having authority”; Shakespeare represented Cleopatra as
the historical figure who ruled the country of Egypt. Antony and Cleopatra was
written by Shakespeare in 1606 and 1607 ( Moore, 2015).

 Mondal (2013) in his research defined
Cleopatra as:

“The epithets applied to her perpetually by Antony and others
confirm this impression; ‘enchanting queen!’, ‘witch’, ‘spell’, ‘great fairy’,
‘cockatrice’, ‘serpent of the old Nile’, ‘thou grave charm.”





1.2       Statement
of the Problem

Many previous
researches based on the Shakespearean tragedy discussed its different aspects,
and this study will focus the powerful female character in Shakespeare’s play
Antony and Cleopatra. It is centered on the plot of dramatization by William
Shakespeare’s that genuinely portrays that power, love, presumption, bad faith,
and hopelessness are issues of life that cannot be kept away from somebody.
Thus, the study is actually a character investigation of Cleopatra as the
principle lady character portrayed unmistakably by William Shakespeare in the
show of Antony and Cleopatra. Additionally, it also relates it with the empirical
women’s liberation concept.

1.3       Objectives
of the Study:

Critical analysis of the character
of Cleopatra in the play “Antony and Cleopatra

To prove Cleopatra as the powerful
female character of Shakespearean tragedy Antony and Cleopatra

To show the influence of Cleopatra
on the other characters of the play

1.4       Research Question:

How Cleopatra
appears to be the most powerful female character in Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra?

1.5       Significance
of Study:

is famous for being the best playwright; he has given a series of perfect
tragic, comic and political plays. Antony and Cleopatra is a love story between
two lovers that ends in tragedy. Earlier researches based on Shakespeare’s
tragedy have already discussed different aspects of it. This thesis is being
written to demonstrate the character of Cleopatra as the most powerful heroine
of Shakespeare and will highlight the qualities which make her the most powerful
character in the play Antony and Cleopatra, since, he has portrayed women in
his tragedies as the powerful protagonists.



1.6       Limitations:

Shortage of time
limit, lack of resource and lack of availability of research studies on the
topic are the major causes of withdrawing the research to explore the character
of Cleopatra as the powerful character in the play “Antony and Cleopatra”.

1.7       Scope:

This research
will focus the play, Antony and Cleopatra focusing particularly on the subject
of the powerful female character and it will be useful for those who will work on
this aspect. It will serve to be useful for teachers as they can take help from
it in teaching the character of Cleopatra. Furthermore, it will be useful for
students since it will help in clarifying their concepts regarding the
character. Additionally, feminist critics will also benefit from this research
since Shakespeare’s portrayal of such a strong character lends a lot of ground
to their argument since it is a female character.

1.8       Definition
of Key Terms:

Tragedy: According to Oxford dictionary
tragedy is an event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress,

Powerful: Cambridge dictionary defines
Powerful as having a lot of power to control people and events.

Queen: Cambridge dictionary defines it
as a woman who rules a country because she has been born into a royal family