History scientist, Hans Asperger, in the year 1944.

History of Autism Spectrum Syndrome:

     In
1908, autism or ASD is a word which was used to characterize a person with
schizophrenia that is especially socially disabled and self-absorbed.

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     In
1943, Leo Kanner, M.D., a child psychiatrist noticed that there are children
who displayed high intelligence. But these children were drawn to being alone
and resist change, preferring sameness. Later on, Kanner named the condition “early
infantile autism.”

     Other
than Early Infantile Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome was also another type of
autism described by a German scientist, Hans Asperger, in the year 1944.
According to Asperger, this type of autism is a milder form. He reported that
there are children with high intelligence but showed social awkwardness and
self-absorbed characteristics.

      The
cause of ASD back then were unknown and many claims to how it develop rose. One
of which was the concept of “refrigerator mothers” in 1967. Psychologist Bruno
Bettelheim suggested that if a parent doesn’t show affection to the child as it
develops, then ASD will be contracted. Psychoanalytic work were done to people
with autism which looked only into their life experiences.

     In
1980, Infantile Autism was listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
of Mental Disorders (DSM). Also, DSM disassociated ASD to childhood
schizophrenia.

     Later
on, Infantile Autism was replaced with Autism Disorder by DSM in 1987, the
definition together with the checklist of diagnostic criteria were now
included. In the same year, UCLA psychologist Ivar Lovaas, Ph. D., suggested
that with intensive behavior therapy, people with autism can grow and develop
in a way that benefits them.

     In 1991,
the federal government puts autism in a special education category. Offering children
special care and services.

     From
1998-2000, people feared that vaccines like MMR (Measles-Mumps-Rubella) vaccine
can cause autism. But later on, this claim was disproven.

     In
2013, DSM now includes all types of autism into one umbrella, Autism Spectrum
Disorder or ASD.