The Holidays with Pay act (passed in 1937) declared that, by law every working person had to have at least one week paid holiday a year. The idea was pressed by Trade Unions around the country. This gave freedom (for a week) to many more millions of people.The war years, especially the 1930’s, were a time of great progress within the holiday industry. 1936 saw the opening of the first Holiday Camp, Butlins, and The Butlins Somerset world Camp opened a few years later.
Butlins holiday camps were the first of its kind, a package holiday. They offered transport, meals and accommodation all in one price, and so were cheap and easy to afford. They were cheep because the company could guarantee to their suppliers that they would need a constant demand of items and products. This meant that Butlins, and other companies which followed the ideal of a package holiday, were able to get price cuts. At the camps there is a regimented feel which gave the opportunity to have fun and play silly games, as well as socialize.As the amount of cars on the roads rose, the need for a major highway was obvious and the m1 was built. Also it lead to raised speed restrictions (from two miles an hour earlier in the century to twenty miles an hour in the late 1920’s) but these only began to have an impact as the number of people going on holiday rose, as this was when cars were used the most.
They became so popular that in the late 1930’s, over a few years, Weston-s-Mare had to scrap its tram system.Before the act was passed there were also shut down weeks (wakes weeks) for many factories in country towns (where tradition was still important). The workers would then go to the nearest holiday resort, sea town or holiday camp. The important factor in this for holiday camps and other holiday resorts was that since often every one in a small town would have connections to the local factory, effectively the whole town would shut down for a week. This shows that even though the act helped in big cities it may not have made a big difference to the smaller towns where they already had a paid week off. Also even in the bigger cities trade unions were campaigning for paid holidays way before the act was passed, and in many cased achieved just that.
The number of people with paid holidays had been rising steadily since just after the First World War, with one million people in 1920, four million people in 1930, and ten million people at the end of the Second World War.The invention of the jet engine during the Second World War vastly decreased the time that it took to get anywhere, and became the holiday industries preferred means of travel. The jet plane made it very easy to get to southern Spain and Since the package holiday companies could get whole planes booked for months at a time, prices for flights were very low, which encouraged more holidays out of the country. In the beginning they were not popular because people wanted a home from home, soon they were given one, so they gained popularity and detracted from the popularity of the sea side British holidays. As the Holidays with Pay act was very much designed for holidays in Britain, this meant that richer people were just taking time off of work to go on holiday, as they could already afford it.As youths became more influential, and rebellious they detracted from the appeal of sea side holidays as they caused trouble and violence in resorts.
They gained their influence from having more spare time (due to holidays) to work in and gain money, because they did not need to support themselves they could save money to travel to sea side resorts and when there they caused troubleThe Holidays with Pay Act was very useful when it was passed, as it meant that people could fully explore all of the options available to them. It made foreign travel available and made package holidays in Britain more popular.However, later in the century people were earning more and working less, which enabled them to travel more, and as they had more money they did not stick to the cheaper option of package holidays. They were able to travel easily as the comfort and popularity of air travel increased. Ease of travel in general increased to such a level that middle class people were able to go nearly everywhere with out much thought of cost.In summary the Holidays with Pay Act opened huge opportunities in the holiday industry, during a time of great technological advancement, but it was not very useful later as ecological advancement began to deplete its significance; when people had more money and so could take time off when ever they wanted.