How is new age India is turning to change those age old
problems into opportunities.
In the 1950’s and 60’s in newly independent India it was
essential to be self suffient as far as food
production was considered and answer to that was GREEN REVOLUTION, it did give
immediate high results but it did have some long term impact.
For a country that emerging from ravages of colonial rule,
famine and lack of selfsuffiency in food production , geen revolution was
breath of fresh air.
It was marked by the introduction of HIGH YEILDING VARIETIES
OF SEEDS , adoption of modern irrigation and agricultural technologies along
with creating provision of finance for farmers, in addition repeal of taxes on
digging well and abolition of zamindari system1
acted as a catalyst for the green revolution .
Consequently to the 1960’s and 70’s the production of the
serials and grains surged but as the year passed the cost of this revolution
became apparent. Expert says excessive use of chemicals and fertilizers has
degraded soil fertility in India. And the use of electric tube wells has depleted
ground water tables in several parts of India.
For instance data shows that ground water resources are falling rapidly with NASA study estimate in
the rate of depletion at 1 meter every 3 years. India at present uses 230 to
250 cubic kilometer each year ground
water more than U.S. and China combined. More than 60% of irrigated agriculture
depends on ground water and its shrinking level was a serious challenge to
future food security.
In 2016 India produced more than 250 million tons of food
grain but there is still somewhere to go before India to achieve selfsufiency . In a country with young and growing
population dropping level of ground water and shrinking fertile grounds make a
case for more sustainable methods of agriculture.
Organic farming is a broad concept that involves use of
natural fertilizers , and methods of crop and weed control as oppose to
chemical and synthetic products. As we are staring at a future where we do not
have enough farmers, and where the top soil is washed away and deforestation is
Critics of organic farming always raise a question about
economic viability and the difficulty in scaling operations to produce enough
to feed the world. However I believe this is where the government plays the
Ensured food security requires India to move away from
chemical and mono crop farminf and towards sustainable agriculture practices.
It is often been doubted as the silver bullet to meet the
challenges of agriculture globally, despite that the organic farming movement
is still at an early stage around the world. For starters nearly around 50.9 million hectares of land is
classified as organic agricultural land that is just around 1.1% of total
global agricultural land. While India
owes 1.2 hectares of organic agricultural land this accounts just around 0.7%
of total Indian agricultural land. The organic movement in the country however
boost after SIKKIM was declared first organic state in 2016. Data shows that with
nearly 0.6 million organic producers the highest globally , India produces
around 1.24 tons of organic food. Worldwide organic products sales have increased
roughly 18 billion US dollars to almost 82 billion dollars over past 15years
.while the US and Europe remain the dominant markets the share of Asian nations
like china as the market for food products is on the rise. In India meanwhile
the size of organic food market is still small roughly at 0.36 billion US Dollars
, despite that it is market that growing of a rate nearly 25 – 30 % offering a
host of new opportunities.
India is home for the largest number of organic producers
globally but still vast numbers of Indian farmers continue to follow
conventional practices relying pesticides
and chemical fertilizer and mono cropping to ensure higher yield. Proponents of
organic farming says that this is unsustainable they argued that the practicing
of organic farming instead can cut input costs, fetch up premium produce and
improved soil fertility.
However making change from conventional and organic is that
easy, for instance farmer often have to wait for three years for organic
classification for their product, this place is a serious financial burden on
them in the short term, given that organic food in the market of India is still
Organic farming In the UK
Highest organic food consumer are from Europe, the European countries
government has brought many schemes and strategies to help the farmers who
practices organic farming, there is
always new methods to support organic farming . In contrary to that the farmers
in England have different rules and regulation to support the organic farming. However there is lack of government support,
According to the New Environmental Management Scheme, this may support the
farmers bring new scheme , projects to encourage but environment being the
But there is a high demand of organic food in recent years, People
in the UK are well aware of the essentials and importance of organic
agriculture .The demand for organic products are high in the south west region.
Limitation of organic farming
The nutrient content which is supposed to be
present in the organic fertilizer may vary as per the material used from chemical
The duration of the soil to gain back its
nutritional value to organic fertilizer from chemical fertilizer may take
The organic fertilizer may not give higher yield
crop than chemical fertilizer.
The availability of organic fertilizer in large
quantities is very less.
means a man of the land or Landlord. They were sort of a micro-king who ruled
their small territory by collecting taxes, running a court to resolve disputes,
maintaining a military and building palaces. In most cases, they had to share a
big chunk of their taxes with the Lord above them (possibly a local king). Just
like you would pay income taxes to your government, you will pay taxes to your
local Zamindary, who will have a big control over your life. https://www.quora.com/How-do-you-explain-the-Zamindari-system-in-simple-words