HOW TO READ A POEM- the four levels of meaning in poetry

(Literal) point of view
1st, 2nd, 3rd -person; limited, omniscient.

(Literal) subject
What the poem is generally about (its topic)

(Literal) speaker
The person/voice “speaking” the poem (NOT poet) (NOT narrator)

(Literal) theme
Message of the poem

(Literal) mood
How the poem makes the reader feel

(Literal) tone
The speaker’s attitude towards the poem’s subject

(Figurative) simile
Comparison that DOES use like/as

(Figurative) metaphor
Comparison that DOES NOT use like/as