tells brief story or express single thought or insightcommon topics- love and natureclear powerful imagery to evoke an emotional responsemore emphasis on imagery and emotion than structurehint or suggest existence of a higher reality
pause indicated by punctuation in English translation
evolved from collaborative poetry- renga- during medieval ageschains of interlocking verseshokku- opening verse of renganever have titlesdon’t have to rhymeseldom use metaphor or similesimple direct languageclear images that stimulate thought and evoke emotion
Which form uses contrasting images?
explicit or implicit comparison between two images, actions, or states of being
-zen buddhist -1st great haiku writer -lived in a (Basho) hut -hermit, left his samurai family to wander -natural beauty, dramatic, exaggerated humor or depression-makes reader conscious of greatness of nature’s power-aware of items- even death- and even wrote a poem about it-born near Kyoto – lived in Edo (now Tokyo) -father of haiku’s
Was it that I went to sleep thinking of him,that he came in my dreams? Had I known it a dream I should not have waited.
One cannot ask loneliness How or where it starts.
On the cypress-mountain, Autumn evening.
When I went to visit The girl I love so much,That the winter nightThe river blew so cold That the plovers were crying
The sun’s way:hollyhocks turn toward itthrough all the rain of May
Clouds come from time to time-and bring to men a chance to restfrom looking at the moon.
The cuckoo-Its call stretching Over the water.
Seven sights were veiledIn mist- then I heardMii Temple’s bell.
Summer grasses-All that remainsOf soldiers’ visions.
Haiku that starts with “Spring Rain:”
Beautiful, seen through holesMade in a paper screen:The Milky Way.
Far-off mountain peaksReflected in its eyes:The dragonfly.
A world of dew:Yet within the dewdrops-Quarrels.
With bland serenityGazing at the far hills:A tiny frog.
-second greatest japanese haiku poet-lived in kyoto-also a fine painter-romantic view of japanese landscape capturing mystery of nature-frequently wrote more than one haiku on the same subject
talent only recognised after deathborn into poverty and struggled through it his entire lifeappreciation for hardships people face- common in his workpoetry examines daily life in Japan