Human society is in a processof constant consumption and production of the waste all over the years. Furthermore,every time, as industry and technology develop, more amounts of waste appear onthe entire planet. If those amounts were not disposed of in a timely manner,the planet would have been piled high with a many-kilometre layer of them for along time.
Over the past 100 years, humanity has more than 1000 times increasedenergy consumption, while simultaneously increasing the volume of industrialand agricultural products. That, in turn, has led to an increase in the amountof waste. Each per inhabitant in industrialized countries annually producesabout 30 tons of natural resources, of which only 2-5% of them are recruitedinto the form of the product, the rest fall into waste. In cities with apopulation of about 20 thousand people, about 64 tons of waste accumulates overthe course of the day, which overflows landfills and special polygons. Theamount of solid household waste (SHW) annually increases by 3-6%, whichsignificantly exceeds the growth rate of the Earth’s population.
The volume ofindustrial waste in the world doubles every 15 years with a tendency to furtherreduce this term. Therefore, the problem of waste management has a globalcharacter and its solution is relevant to the overall civilization development.The solution to the problem of accumulation of waste is impossible withoutconducting relevant research, which, in turn, requires the search for itsinterconnections with economic development. This determines the relevance ofthe chosen topic of research.One of the main causes of theproblem of environmental protection, economic development and public health inUkraine is the one of the main reasons for the low level of waste utilizationfor recycling. Because of the volumes of accumulated waste in Ukraine, it canbe attributed to one of the most technologically-loaded countries in the world.In the waste management experience, Ukraine has lagged behind developedEuropean countries for several decades. This is confirmed by the fact that thetotal annual accumulation of waste from the population in Ukraine is about 45.
8million more than the corresponding aggregate indicators of Western Europeancountries with a population of about 400 million in 3-3.5 times.According to various data, thelevel of processing of solid waste in Ukraine varies from 3 to 8%, while forthe European Union it accounts for up to 60% of solid waste.
At the same time,more than 90% of solid waste is directed to landfills and unauthorizedlandfills. According to official estimates, about 6,700 landfills and landfillsare occupied by 10,000 hectares of land, although unofficial figures may evenbe higher. The deterioration of the environment due to uncontrolled emissionsto the natural environment of human waste is directly related to economicgrowth and increase in the level of consumption of the population. Therealities are that only after it becomes clear that the environment no longermeets the desired parameters of life, measures to improve the state of theenvironment are beginning to be implemented.
In the ecological economy, it iscustomary to consider the relationship between economic growth and the state ofthe environment with the help of the Kuznets environmental curve (EKC). Thetheory of EKC suggests that at low incomes per capita little attention is paidto the quality of the environment, and the use of resources is inefficient andlow efficiency. Subsequently, when improving the economic situation in society,attention is increasingly given to health and environmental issues. Proceedingfrom this, there is a need for a more thorough scientific analysis of theinterrelationships between income and environmental pollution, taking intoaccount the assimilation potential of natural systems.