Humanity is the presence of natural feeling and reason in people. However, in the dystopian novel, 1984, author George Orwell states that human nature is thoroughly killed by power; freedom is completely deprived, and the mind is harshly restrained. In Oceania, to be human means that Party’s control over people corrupts their humanity in terms of emotion, consciousness, and love.In Oceania, the Big Brother does not allow people have any emotional expression. They attempt to destroy people’s true emotion.
In Book 3, Chapter 4, says, “‘You know that I am always able to detect a lie—tell me, what are your true feelings toward Big Brother? ‘I hate him.’ …’You must love Big brother. It is not enough to obey him; you must love him'”(Orwell 282). The quote emphasizes that winston is really hate Big Brother, it is the real emotion that he has. He sees Big Brother on the poster everywhere that watching him and makes Winston feel fearful.
However, people have to obey and love Big Brother otherwise they will push to the Room 101. The prisoners get tortured in Room 101. For example, in Book 3, Chapter 1, says, “The eyes of the chinless man kept flitting toward the skull-faced man.
..held out a grimy piece of bread to the skull-faced man… ‘2713 Bumstead J! Let fall that piece of bread!'”(Orwell 235). There is no caring, Big Brother swallowed up people’s hearts. People can not survival with physical pain so that Party let them remember that they do not need caring.
Party use torture to brainwash people, let people completely obey them by torture. Every person do not have completely emotion, there is nothing they can do. The Party want people do whatever they want.Destroying people’s consciousness to complete Party’s goal. In Book 1, Chapter 5, says, Orthodoxy means not thinking—not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness”(Orwell 53).
People can not make their own decision.Winston’s job is to make fake news even he can not accept. Party can change history and whatever they want to change. People have to admire Big Brother, their goal is to make Big Brother perfect. In addition, Winston tries to protect or keep his personal identity by write diary.
In Book 1, Chapter 1, says, “The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This is not illegal(nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it…that it would be punished by death”(Orwell 6). Even he realizes that he can not have privacy, he still write his own personal thought in his diary. If he catched by the thoughtpolice, he will get to the prison, he can not rebel. People can not express his conscious and own thought.
Therefore, they have to accept everything that party made.Love is the human nature that people should have. However, Party control it by marriage and sexuality. Party takes marriage as a tool. In Book 3, Chapter 5, Winston says, “Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! Julia! I don’t care what you do to her” (Orwell 286). Winston betray her because he fear rats. Also, he lose his loyalty and he doesn’t really love her. In addition, Party takes marriage as a mission that people have to do it.
In Book 2, Chapter 3 says, “She had had her first love affair when she was sixteen, with a party member of sixty who later committed suicide to avoid arrest” (Orwell 131). Julia knows that have a sex is not for pleasure, but finish the task. They eliminate humanity because they want to people only focus on Party and The Party completely corrupts the true meaning of marriage and sexuality. They obliterate all natural love, therefore, the only one people can love is Big Brother.Lastly, people can not live as a real person in oceania they like shell without soul and own thought. To be human means that Party’s control over people corrupts their humanity in terms of emotion, love, and thought.
The Party completely destroy people’s true emotion no matter how hard they fought against. They regard humanity as sensual desire and there is no difference between good or evil in human nature. The result of suppressing humanity is to accumulate hatred and constrain creativity.