Human’s physical appearances have become moreand more considerable for the last ten years. Many people assumed that theoutward aspect was one of the main factors to judge someone. Moreover, the desire to perfecting oneself isinevitable, especially women, who often suppose that more beauty would bringmore charm and confidence. As a result, the number of people who have cosmeticsurgery has increased significantly through years, for example, USA has4,217,862, accounting for 17.
9% of world-wide total(International Society ofAesthetic Plastic Surgery, 2017) . With a purpose to improve aesthetic appeal,symmetry, and proportion, this kind of surgery performes on all area in bodieswhich patients want to change. To enter into detail of this morden phenomenon,my research point out the causes, results and some advises for people who aregoing to have or have already had cosmetic surgery. 2.Discussion 2.1Concept of the phrase “cosmetic surgery” Reality television shows aroundthe world based on surgical transformations were not the first publicspectacles to offer women the ability to compete for the chance to bebeautiful. But what is the exact meaning of the phrase “cosmetic surgery”? The variety of the answers are all influenced by the ways you ask. It can beseen clearly that different experts or surgeons have their own definition whichmake it hard to find the conclusive answer.
Beside, cosmetic surgery containmany kinds with cetain function so the diverse types also is a difficulty. However, cosmetic surgery is defined asone of typical sectors in orthopedic surgery whose goal is to enhance physicalappearances, nonetheless, caution should be required when appoarching (Nordqvist, 2017). Visual improvement has become a trendyconcept for about 10 years, consequently, cosmetic surgery has been grownsharply, for instance, top five countries whose number of people opting forcosmetic procedures comprise in 41.4% of whole utilization (Global AestheticSurvey, ISAPS, 2017). There are many types in cosmetic procedures: Breastsurgery, Liposuction, Vulvovaginal surgery, Facial cosmetic surgery, Hairtransplantation, Peels, fillers, grafts, and laser treatment, fat injections (Nordqvist,2017).
All kinds have own typical uses, functions and cautions. After one operation,patient always have to face to the risk of caseation or distortion. Moredemands more threats, but people do not take precaution which make cosmeticsurgery a booming phenomenon with full of menance. 2.
2. Causes of the phenomenonThe chief cause of this occurrence definitelyis media. Many people have considered the unattractive outlook is thereason, nevertherless, it is moderately true. As you know, social mediaappeared long times ago and made a dramatic transformation in human community (Hughes, 2017). That ithas become integral issue in life which provide both benefits and drawbacks aswell. I will discuss about negative effects relating to the causes of the boomin cosmetic operation in this research. People always have dissatisfaction oftheir outlook, however, social media push this biotry to a high level.
People always seek for perfection and when they receive one’s critics on massmedia where self photos can get both possitive and negative (Hughes, 2017), they will feel inferioritycomplex. Thus, the self biases lead them to a better transformation to boostseft-esteem and seft image.If they have a successful operation, theirconfidence will improve, then it seem like a worthy undertaking. There are beauty applications and shows existedcould have strong impact to human mental problems especially, teenagers. They may find themselves uglyor not well-proportioned then beauty apps come to them as a perfection tools.Sooner or later, the awareness of vitual beauty will approach and teens mayfind another alternatives which is permanent. Cosmetic surgery is onerecommended.
In detail, in 2015, about 226,000 cosmetic procedures were carried out in the age 13 and 19, consistingof 65,000 opperations for example nose reshaping, breast augmentation, breastlifts, tummy tucks and liposuction (Zuckerman, 2016). Not only apps, TV realityshows like “Change life” or “The Swan” also encourage the desire to be morefascination by showing the revolution in appearnce after being opperated whichleads to admiration and appropriation to oneself. Using the fact that everyone wants to look good, media awakeshuman’s longing for beauty and their consideration finding for eternal solutionsuch as cosmetic surgery. Many states raise consideration whether have surgeryor not such as muffin tops, fat thighs, too big breast or not big enough, hairyarms. Furthermore, there is a new one appeared that adolescent girls seriouslyconcern about and want to tinker with the vulva (Rabin, 2013).
Under thecircumstance, desire of beauty in people mind’s powerfully affected by mass media. Likewise, the public figures’s highstandard life-style, especially with their charm and fabulous appearance whichis brought about by the social networks raises the demand for surgerysubstantially . Moreover, idolisation, a serious problem among teens, result inthe huge number of fans who wants to have resemblance to their idols. Walsh(2013) stated that the non-surgicaltreatments are available and has contributed to normalise cosmetic procedures,promoted by celebrity culture which widely pervades on media. Statisticshow that about 80 percent of the cosmetic surgery surveyed indicated that celebritieswere a major impact to their patients’s decision, 64% have cosmetic surgeryunder the age of 30 (Miller, 2016).
We can say that cosmetic transformation inyoung age has become the new normal up to now. One other reason is their patience problem.Keeping fit by balancing diet or going to the gym takes a long time tocomplete. Moreover, it seems like a temporary solution for obesity with a longtime practice and myalgia. Hence, cosmetic surgery is becoming the moreaccessible and affordable treatment (Walsh, 2013).
2.3. The result of cosmetic surgery More and more people undertake cosmeticprocedures, which leads to the crisis behind. Failure, unpleasant symptoms,harmful side-effect drug and so on are inevitable. Most women gettingbreast implants stand at least one seriouscomplication within threeyears, “including infection, hematomas and seromas, capsular contracture, lossof nipple sensation, and hypertrophic scarring” (Zuckerman, 2016).Initial signal after operating is infection, the destruction of nerves, skin or even organs and bloodsystem. Further loss,rarely, is shock or tragic death.
Transformations always come with pain andendurance, for example, liposuctionresult in eating disorders and deformedself image. Likewise, tummy-tuckhas required high complication because of restricted mobility after surgery (McGilchrist, 2011). Potential side-effects after operating consist of altered sensation,infection, adhesions, painful penetrationand scarring. (Zuckerman, 2016). Otherwise, finance is anotherproblem taken into consider.
According to Martin (2016), in New York, a productlike chemical filler or botox are now commonly practiced on cheeks, runs around$700 to $1,200. The thought of once time surgery and permanent success istotally wrong. You will also have to pay for drug to ease pain, re-examination,or even repairing if something goes wrong. Futhermore, that some surgeons were too inexperienced to beoffering surgical procedures, it means your expenditure is for the hazard. Accordingto Walsh (2013), a shocking lack of regulation in these process has beenrevealed in an independent review and it increase the suspicion in the safetyof patients. These expense and risk have led to other option: holiday surgeryas it can be more affordable. Posibility of risk decreasing but difficulty totake care and follow.
South Korea can be an option because it is now becomingthe capital of cosmetic surgery. In this country. At the age of 19, allmost korean girls getplastic surgery, if you don’t like them, after a few years, the result is friendswill look better, you will get inferiority and disrepect from others(Marx,2015). 2.
4. Advices for surgery Peopleunregard the precaution and somehow simplify the result of cosmetic surgery.However, a number of Korean plastic surgery reality shows taken contradictapproach has appeared to show the crisis of the surgery addiction and screenthe operation undoing all the previous reconstructions (Marx, 2015).
To whowill decide to have cosmetic procedures, focus on these tips if you do not wantto regret. Procedures recommended being available with doctor’s prescription(Abbott, 2016). Moreover, Dr Fortes (n.d.
) stated that doing a research to findthe right surgeon or surgical center by getting online search, looking forphysician websites, or their social media sites to get more proof like thebefore-after photos of their patient or even directly interviewing surgeons isnecessary. According to Dr Fortes(n.d.), it is also necessary to be realistic about results by read other’sstories or reviews and have own options for improving results.
Managing themoney for cosmetic surgery is essential as well by finding factors which haveinfluences on cosmetic procedures and insurance works. Most important thing is preparingcarefully for operation like cutting down on smoking, avoiding some certaindrugs, supplements, making transportation arrangements, setting up diet, havingemergency contacts with others and understanding potential for risks. Withpeople who have already have cosmetic procedures, it is important for patientto maintaining your surgery result by preventing sun damge, supplying morewater and healthy diet, managing stress and weight effectively and sleepingenough (Dr. Fortes, n.d.)