A. Introductory Sentence: Not everyone is born into the same life, and not everyone is raised into the American labor force under the same circumstances.
B. Thesis Sentence: Income inequality in the United States sources from the influence of education, wealth, discrimination, labor skills, and monopoly power.
II. First Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence #1: Provide a topic sentence discussing how education and wealth impact income inequality.
The first area to consider is the impact of education and wealth, and how both determine a worker’s status in his or her career.
B. Provide at least three facts to support your topic sentence.
A job seeker’s level of education is of crucial importance to their resume and potential employers, and one of the mandatory areas that recruiting companies look towards next to experience. Training stems from educational systems which prepare laborers with both basic and job-specific skills to land better positions. This correlates to higher income earned than school dropouts or those less-educated.
Brookings Institution conducted a 2015 study to see how income would be affected if 10% of males ages 25 to 64 with no prior college education acquired a bachelor’s degree. Their base research findings before the study indicated females were more likely to earn college degrees and that unskilled men in the workforce had a lower chance of employment. From their results, Melissa Kearney, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, states, “If we were to increase B.A. attainment by 10 percent that would almost entirely wipe out the reduction in median wages that has been experienced from 1979 to 2013” (Kearney).
One’s financial standing and inherited wealth will also affect their income and career opportunities that fuel it. The U.S. population saw growth of wealth ownership among households since 1983 at 68.2% of the nation’s wealth to 73.1% in 2007. Wealth distribution has not yet evened out the statistics of income inequality. In our current government, the higher social classes receive tax benefits to their income, whereas those born into poverty or lower classes face limitation of economic opportunity and dismal repercussions to their income.
III. Second Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence #1: Provide a topic sentence discussing how discrimination impacts income inequality.
Discrimination also impacts income inequality due to wage gaps between men, women, and people of color.
B. Provide three facts to support your topic sentence.
Women earn 77% of what men earn in the same job position and about 79 cents for every dollar a man makes. This sets female workers into overdrive as they work to support themselves or their children. Continued gender discrimination and fear of losing their jobs discourages women from fighting for promotions, higher wages, better positions of authority, or even staying in the workforce.
Racist employers have shown a higher callback interview rate for resumes with “white-sounding” names rather than resumes with “black-sounding” names in a 2004 experiment by economists Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan.
People of color in the workplace can be denied promotions or moved off of significant projects that present beneficial opportunities for the sake of their income. CNN and the Kaiser Family Foundation conducted a poll that found “69% of blacks and 57% of Hispanics say past and present discrimination is a major reason for the problems facing people of their racial or ethnic group” (Vega).
IV. Third Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence #2: Provide a topic sentence discussing how worker’s abilities and monopoly power impact income inequality.
Furthermore, a worker’s skillset and their place in the pyramid of income differ in relation to people of other industries and careers, and the same goes for an employee of a monopoly.
B. Provide three facts to support your topic sentence.
Celebrities and famous athletes are paid more than average workers across various fields of labor because their product and service is rare- it is based upon a special talent or sound that can be commercialized and marketed to open multiple sources of income from merchandising, endorsements, advertisement, films, music, etc.
Monopolies are paying their employees less depending on which people have more job-specific skills and fewer options of where to work.
An article in New America affirms, “Monopolistic meatpackers and farm operators subject their slaughterhouse workers, who are predominantly people of color, and their farm workers, who are predominantly immigrants, to exploitative labor conditions and stop them from forming unions to achieve better treatment” (Open Markets).
A. Restate the thesis statement.
The ever-growing income inequality chiseling the past, present, and future of American society is due to the reasons of individual educational background, financial status, gender and racial discrimination, workers’ ability, and monopolistic corruption.
B. Summarize the facts that support the thesis statement.
Our level of education affects our ability to attract employers and positions to supply income. People are born into different social classes of wealth and ways of life so education may not be a priority, is cut off, or is stifled for the future working-age citizen.
Women and racial minorities also experience the disadvantages of lower incomes and unfair treatment in comparison to their white male counterparts.
Income discrepancies between celebrities and the rest of the working class are based upon the sole reason of ability that one has to offer and how that can be banked upon. Monopolies manipulate their employees because of their specialized abilities and unawareness of where else to draw their income.