Immigration plays an important role in Canada’s economy and social status on the world stage. Immigration is the action of people moving from one country to another. However, it wasn’t always easy, to live in or enter a foreign land/country from early 1867, and even nowadays. Approximately 150 years ago, only limited people were allowed to enter the country because of the leaders’ (dictators), who ruled over the land and used their power to gain control over people’s life and country. Immigration was not fair for everyone as it was based on race, religion, gender, ethnic background.
The government of Canada also rejected specific occupations, preferred certain language skills. For example, minority groups such as Jewish, Black, Japanese, Indian, African, Muslim, and many more, were excluded from the immigrant list. However, throughout years, countries began to accept immigrants to fulfill country’s need such as, labor work which white population refused to do. Some people had to migrate from their country due to war.
As immigrants started to enter, there was decreased in the amount of joblessness, it also increased the population of the nation. Even if minority groups are allowed in Canada, they were required to live in specific areas and they were also banned from specific jobs and areas. Because of the ban on the black immigrants, Chinese immigration law, and Japanese immigration limits, Canada is an unjust society. Firstly, the ban on black immigrants proves that Canada is an unjust society in the world’s stage. Immigration policy between the black and Canadian population were different. When the rumors cause to move continuously that fairly lar numbers of blacks were leading for certain areas, the citizens of Edmonton organized a vigorous protest.
The backlash played a major role in Immigration Branch officials who didn’t want the Aboriginal to enter Canada. Accordingly, in March 1911, the assistant superintendent of Immigration wrote to Frank Oliver, the minister of the Interior and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, suggesting to prohibit the admission of the blacks. The minister agreed to the suggestion, but it was never executed.
As a result, the federal election blow the plans of executing legislation banning black immigrants. Instead of authorizing the outright ban, the government made other measures to restrict African immigrants. For example, the medical examiners were to study African immigrants for any medical condition, which they could use to justify their exclusion, quietly offering a financial bonus to doctors for each African immigrant rejected at the border. Inspectors were also told to make sure that African immigrants had sufficient money on hand to successfully homestead at least of $200, even though such agents had the power to claim, such a requirement for white immigrants. Frustratingly, for the government, these measures met with limited success African immigrants proved to be healthy, prosperous and well prepared for the challenge that met them at the border.
Thus, the entry of large numbers of African American immigrants continued through 1910 and 1911. Secondly, Chinese Immigration Limits (Act) shows that Canada is an unjust society in World’s stage. Although immigration into Canada from most of the countries were controlled, only Chinese people were left/targeted out completely from entering the country because of their race. For example, students, merchants (excluding laundry, restaurant, and retail operators), diplomats and Canadian-born Chinese returning from education in China were exceptions from the exclusion. They were set to live in harsh and unreasonable living conditions if they enforced it.
For example, the limit on absence from Canada was 2 years, and if they didn’t return, they were banned from re-entry. Every person of Chinese descent, whether Canadian-born or naturalized, was required to register for an identity card within 12 months. The penalty for refusal was a fine of up to $500. Under the law, a $50 head tax was charge on all Chinese immigrants. The head tax was increased from $100and to $500 in 1903. A cruel solution was required, called exclusion.
Which only allowed, fewer than 50 Chinese immigrants to enter. For example, the population decreased by 25 percent, from 39,587 to 32,528 by 1951. The law not only banned Chinese immigrants, but, it also disrupted family life and also restricted community growth. Legislation also blocked Chinese from the right to vote, to hold public office or to own property, limited employment, and housing and many other restrictions. They were left with paying off their debt, caused by the head tax, they also earn low wages. They were also retreated into small businesses such as laundries, restaurants and grocery stores. Employment as cooks and servants, domestic work that was undesirable to White workers due to the low pay and social status.
They were willing to endure the pain, rather than the alternative of returning back to China and sacrificing the earnings that supported their families in China.Finally, Japanese immigration limits indicate that Canada is an unjust society attempting to prove itself in World’s Stage as a respected country. Japanese Canadians, including Issei immigrants and their Canadian-born children, have overlooked discrimination during immigration. In early 1874, BC politicians satisfied to White anti-feminist and passed a series of laws planned to force Asians to leave the country(Canada). All Asians were denied the right to vote, such as, the Chinese, Japanese, and South Asians. The laws excluded Asians from doing certain professional/jobs such as, underground mining, the civil service, and professions such as the practice of law. Labour and minimum-wage laws guaranteed, that Asian Canadians were only hired for menial jobs or farm labor, and paid them at lower pay-rates.
While Asians worked harder and longer to earn a living wage, White labor unions accused Asian Canadians of unfair competition, stealing jobs. They were also excluded from many professionals, sometimes, even despite their university education. Their wages were lower than Caucasians. During the 1930s attempts by Japanese Canadians to win the vote, or to show their loyalty to Canada, by serving in the Second World War, were largely ineffective. Japanese Canadians formed their own close-knit communities and developed their own social, religious and economic institutions, including community halls, schools, hospitals, temples, unions, and cooperatives, due to their exclusion from Canadian society.To wrap up, Canada has been shaped greatly by immigration in society and culture as time moved on.
Immigration in Canada wasn’t fair to everyone. They wanted people to work for them without any demands. Even though Canada started to allow Immigrants from another country to enter, the government restricted some immigrants and set immigration policies making difficult certain groups to enter the country. The Black immigration ban, the inspectors at the border were asked to tell unreasonable reasons for justify their exclusion such as not healthy, not sufficient money to lead a basic life.
The Chinese immigration act(limit), targeted chinese people and they were to pay head tax, which increased from $100 t0 $500. The law also set limit for absence from Canada was 2 years, if they didn’t return, they had to pay a fine of $50 or imprisonment. The Japanese immigration limits, for people to work in professional jobs, such as, practicing law. Japanese people formed their own social, religious and economic institutions.
To conclude, Canada is an unjust society/country because of the ban on Black Immigrants, Chinese Immigration Law, and Japanese immigration limits.