In 1873, Tolstoy began to write a new novel – “AnnaKarenina.” The novel “Anna Karenina” was written in the 70s(1873-1877). Begin to get up questions that already brought him into the50-60s: questions about the meaning and purpose of life, about the destinies ofthe nobility and the people, about the relationship between town and country,about life and death, about love and happiness, about family and marriage, andetc. The formulation and solution of these questions constitute the ideologicalcontent of the novel “Anna Karenina.
“The novel unfolds on a broad and complex social background.Before us are the most diverse layers of Russian society of the 1970s: thetitled aristocracy (princely and county surnames of the Shcherbatsky, Oblonsky,Vronsky, Serpukhov, Tver, etc.), and the higher bureaucracy of the nobility(Karenin, Stremov), and the intelligentsia (doctor, lawyer, artist Mikhailov,nihilist Kritsky, etc.), and the capitalists (Bulgarinov, Malthus, Ryabinin),and peasants and servants.The author focuses on noble society. How is it portrayed inthe novel?PresentationTolstoy is a great realist.
Showing the life of his class,he sees his shortcomings, approaches him critically, and sometimes evensatirically. The critical stream in the novel is conditioned, undoubtedly, bythe idea of the idea of the subject: the opposition of a morally healthy localpatriarchal environment to an empty and depraved secular society.The central image of the novel is Anna Karenina, arepresentative of the high society of the 70s, the wife of a major St.Petersburg dignitary. Tolstoydraws his heroine as a charming, charming woman.
But Anna singles out a numberof high society women not so much her appearance, but the complexity anduniqueness of her mental image.It is not surprising that inher heart she had to awaken to the dissatisfaction with the empty secular life.In addition, she was indifferent to her husband, a man of dry and rational.The meeting with Vronskyseemed to awaken Anna. Having sacrificed for Vronsky husband, son, a brilliantsocial position, Anna and Vronsky demanded this. That’s why, seeing Vronsky’sgradual cooling, she naturally comes to the idea of death.
“I want love,but it is not,” Anna thinks. “So it’s over.” The same idea thateverything is over for her, Anna expresses in other words: “Why not putout the candle when there is nothing more to look at?” And Anna rushesunder the train.Anna Karenina is a wonderfulimage of a whole, immediate woman, a living feeling.
But the tragedy of herposition and destiny would be incorrectly explained only by the spontaneity ofher nature. He lies deeper – in the conditions of that social environment thatcondemned the woman to public contempt and loneliness.Alexei Vronsky is the secondof the main characters in the novel. It is one of the most brilliantrepresentatives of Russia’s high society circles of its time. “Terriblyrich, handsome, big connections, an aide-de-camp, and at the same time a verynice, kind fellow.
But more than just a good fellow … he is educated, andvery smart “- so describes Vronsky Steve Oblonsky. Count Vronsky leads away of life typical of a young, wealthy aristocrat.
He serves in one of theGuards regiments, spends forty-five thousand rubles a year, is very fond of hiscomrades, and in everything shares the views and habits of his aristocraticenvironment.Falling in love with Anna,Vronsky understood how badly he had lived before, understood that he mustchange the usual way of his life. By sacrificing ambition and freedom, heretires, parting with the usual secular environment and begins to look for newforms of life. Moral restructuring Vronsky, however, did not lead him to theexit, which would give him complete peace of mind and satisfaction. Shocked byAnna’s suicide and internally devastated, he himself begins to seek death andleaves as a volunteer for the war in Serbia.
Thus, the conflict with thesocial environment in which Vronsky was indirectly implicated, linking his fatewith Anna, and he led to a life catastrophe.EvaluationIn the novel “AnnaKarenina” Tolstoy acts not only as a great artist, but also as a moralphilosopher and social reformer. He puts in the novel a number of questionsthat concerned him in an era when in Russia “everything turnedaround” and just began to fit. Among these questions, two particularlyattracted the attention of Tolstoy: the question of the position of women inthe family and society and the question of the role of the noble class in thecountry and its prospects. Tolstoy treats the image ofAnna Karenina in terms of posing the “family problem”.Tolstoy condemns Anna notbecause she, with all the boldness of a strong and direct person, challenged ahypocritical secular society, but because she dared to destroy her family forthe sake of her personal feelings.
Tolstoy calls on the nobilityto abandon the immoral, empty and unhealthy urban life threatening with ruinand degeneracy, and turn to its basic, primordial cause – the organization ofagriculture on terms that reconcile the interests of the peasant and landlord.The novel is written by thehand of a brilliant master. The depth of the psychological depiction of theimages, the subtlety and originality of portrait painting, the striking skillof the landscape, the charm of the artistic simplicity of the language, realismin depicting everyday life – all this makes the novel one of the greatestartistic works of Russian literature.