In bottom moving upwards, each levels actions have

In this essay, there will be an analysis, which
argues for the statement that conflict and poverty are interconnected. The
connection between the two will be viewed starting from the psychological behaviors
and how needs of individuals can change peoples’ behaviors, which can result to conflict. Similarly,
concentrating on the example of the Islamic State and how poverty has forced
many young people into becoming a part of an extremist group. Besides, the
Islamic State is self-explanatory for being a creator of conflict and war. This
is why inspecting the troupe can give a clear example of how the two issues are
connected.  Furthermore, how the lack of
education can play a substantial role while discussing poverty and conflict. This
is associated with economical situations in Syria and weather this is an actor
of the two main subjects. Taking many topics into consideration, this essay
should not be taken as the complete truth rather a specific point of view.
There can be brought out many more aspects and examples how poverty and
conflict are connected, but due to the scope of the paper, various factors will
be left out and the attention is set mainly on Syria and the key issues
regarding the conflict in the area.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

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Starting with a psychological understanding by
viewing the Maslow’s Hierarchy of
Needs. This can be crucial example how poverty and conflict are connected on a
psychological level. The Maslow theory is a concept, which perceives human
needs on a pyramid scale. It is divided into five levels, where each lever
presents a different group of need, which all people require. Starting from the
bottom moving upwards, each levels actions have to be fulfill in order for
individuals to have the motivation to move upwards and achieve the next stage
of necessities. According to the model the most important requirement is
physical survival. This means food, water, warmth and rest. These factors are
the primary points, which activate our behavior. Thinking about poverty, it can
be defined in many ways. However, in various cases, these first level survival
needs are what people lack like food and shelter, which makes a person viewed
as living in poverty. If basic essentials are not met, it changes how we act
and therefore our behavior changes. This could mean taking extreme measures to
ensure food on the table and a shelter on the head, even criminal acts, if
people do not have many choices of other employment or educational background
to make a more moral choice to ensure their survival.


The Islamic State

Giving an example of the Islamic State, poverty
can play a major roll on why adolescent boys and men join the extremist group.
Firstly, reflecting on history, many people have thought and stated that the
United States intervention to Iraq in 2003 was an unwise decision. Countless people
providing military services were demobilized from Saddam Hussein’s overpowered
army, leaving individuals without shelter or workplace. Including the downfall
of many social constitutions like education. For many young men in Syria, many
do not truly believe in the radical ideologies, that the Islamic State and other
extremist units preach (Black, 2016). It can be a
minor factor comparing to the desperation of not having any other options truthfully.
Religion, for countless individuals, is a moral justification, for people to
justify fighting and acting severely toward others (Black, 2016).  Furthermore, fighting for the Islamic State,
which is a large group with many sources of income, can be more profitable then
fighting for a smaller unit. Finding similarities and additional examples, numerous
joining radical groups felt a clear aim, respect and self-worth, which can be connected
to the Maslow’s scale (Black, 2016). The reasoning
behind this is when the lower level of survival needs have been accomplished,
on higher levels there is a need for people to belong and have a sense of
purpose for their life. This is provided to them in an incongruous way when
joining Islamic State. They are financially more stable, have friends and
people, who believe and are on a same mission, this creates a more unite
feeling for individuals, who did not have anyone before to trust and to fall
back to due to a difficult situation in every area of the society. Just as
previously mentioned, the majority of the people do not fight because they
actually believe in the ideology, they do it because the lack of other
prospects and for the support of other individuals, who are in the same
situation as them. Community and a sense of belonging is incredible important for
people and in this situation, it can be exceedingly difficult to find it
anywhere else than joining a dominant radical group. Consequently, extremism
happens when there is a scarcity of opportunity and employment, creating an
environment, where people do not feel that they belong anywhere and in fright
of that, choose no matter which organization to provide it, even if it is not
ethically honorable. This breakdown can be applied to many other areas in life,
not particularly concerning this topic, but just bringing light on the
importance and magnitude of how psychology and peoples’ mind play a critical
role when there is a lack of opportunity.

For example comparing two people with two different
situations. The first person after high school gets into two universities. This
leaves an option for him/her to choose the right fit on many factors, which can
be compared to while choosing the right educational path to pursue. However,
viewing the other person, who applied for two schools and wanted to study one specialty,
but did not get into it, however got accepted to another field, which was not
the choice, they hoped for. Now, there is a decision that should be made. The
first choice is to go for the less preferable choice of subject, because there
can be much social pressure to start directly studying after high school in
university. Then the social pressure and the fear of missing out and belonging
somewhere when not beginning university. Various these fears are brought out in
the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. People can start making decisions from the
survival instinct. For example, if parents are encouraging the child to study
and will only pay for living cost if joining a university, then many young
people will choose it just because, otherwise they will lack the basic needs of
food and shelter, which was provided for them beforehand. People can choose the
non-preferred option, because otherwise the risk of not having every need
provided is enormous. This can be linked with the situation of many Syrian
youngsters, where there are not many options provided to choose the path and
joining the Islamic State will provide the survival needs, social belonging and
giving a purpose for their life. Uncertainly, if there were various options
with positive outlooks and similar or better value options, the majority would
not choose to join an extremist group, when they could have a regular paying
workplace with good sense of organization belonging and group of people working
for a common goal. This can be connected to the reference of the person, who
got into various universities and can choose, which is the right fit and best
environment where they could strive in. Really create a purposeful life for
them with a proper future, where the survival needs will definitely be taken
care of and they can focus of the next level of needs.


While basing an example unintentionally on the
university model beforehand, education plays a major role in decision making
processes. Extremely vulnerable are adolescent people, who do not have an exact
identification for who they are and the lack of education, therefore are easily
influenced into unhealthy environments. Moreover, even the absence of a family
structure, will make it more simple to join the Islamic State, where a sense of
brotherhood will be provided. Concentrating on the educational value, the
failure of the education regularity, has pushed around two million Syrian
children out of school (Black, 2016). This can bring
many horrifying outcomes for the future. Firstly, as mentioned before, if
people are not educated and taught even the elementary knowledge of some fields
of life, individuals are more prone to be expose to influence and brainwashing.
It is simpler to say to a person, what they have to think rather the individual
thinking to themselves of what they think of certain situations. Even
elementary information teaches people some analytical thinking methods to later
on apply them to diverse other topics. Secondly, if the young people do not
attend school, there might not be a solid and purposeful opportunity to
interact with their own age and make connections amongst themselves. This can
be provided in the extremist group, where they invite people to join others,
who could be an alternative family and friends to each other, making it a
community with a common value and rules to follow. This can be an extremely attractive
feature for young people, to actually fit into a group, who is even inviting to
join them, the more number of people enrolling, the better for the group. The
thought could be that if the person is alone and does not have a support system
to back them, would they rather be alone and trying to make ends meet or do
they join a unit, where they could potentially find friends, who will have
their back whenever needed. It could potentially even be that the parents were
killed conflict zone, which creates even more resentment and anger to make
people want to express their frustration through fighting (Black, 2016).


Conflict and poverty go hand in hand in the
example of thought while considering the Islamic State and why people join the
group. If there were many other choices to pick from and  a more moral way to earn salary and have more
opportunity to feel apart of the community and live a purposeful life, there
would not be so many people joining a unit to hurt other people for an extremist
ideology presumably. It entirely comes down to the psychological and physical needs
of people, that is why a respectable theory was brought into place to explain
the correlation between the economic situation affecting a person’s core that
much, to go on an unmoral route for many,  rather than risk of not surviving due to the
severe financial situation in the surrounding regions of where the Islamic
States adjusted themselves. Due to the civil war in Syria, the economic
situation has gotten predominately worst and will not presumably grow in many
years. Similarly, the economy of Iraq is tackling challenges, where the
majority of problems fall into humanitarian issues and poverty matters. To
lower the level and intensity of the conflict, people should focus on the basic
needs of people and create a socially safe community to thrive in. Finding
funds and charities, which would help individuals create workplaces and earn a
competing salary against the extremist groups. The majority of the population
is leaving Syria to find better opportunities, while there should be created
opportunities in their home land to thrive in. Especially important should be
the children and educating them to make moral decisions in their life and not
follow the most vulgar and flashiest influencers to join an ideology. This
process is not simple in any form due to this conflict tearing down countless
fields, which need building up. It is a process, which will be resolving in the
upcoming years, if right factors are taken into consideration. Economically, it
should focus on building export fields, which used to bring in finance such as apples
and spices (OEC 2017). There can definitely be more opportunities for other
export fields, where the majority of income should be focused on bettering the
youth and giving them opportunities. Building a community for the young to
prosper and establish groups, where they can encouragingly talk about their
sufferings and get healing from talking to someone. It is important that anyone
should not feel alone, when they are in a traumatic state of mind, otherwise it
is easy to go a route, which can be harming to others and self. Moreover,
increasing the risk of people joining radical groups and creating further
conflict. As long as people, who are helping the situation to get better are
focusing on survival needs and evolving a community, then things will start to
move towards the positive side.