In examining the relation among socialcapital of entrepreneurs participating in horizontal networks and their companyperformance, Oliveira (2013) has been conducted a survey using 218 business people from 34 horizontal business networks inBrazil. To achieve the proposed objectives, a quantitative study specificallyat first a key information survey was conducted on eight selected horizontalnetwork experts through an online and printed questionnaire. Variable ‘social capital’ was instigated inthree dimensions. In the form of structural, relational and cognitive.
The structural dimension was measured by askingthe entrepreneurs how they interacted within a horizontal network, they wereasked about the diversity of those contacts, which were asked about knowledgeand information.Underthe questions about the relational and cognitive dimensions of social capital,entrepreneurs were asked to talk specifically about those contacts listed inthe structural dimension questions, which were basically on their integrity,ability, reciprocity, the proximity of social relations and how similar theirobjectives and vision were. In this study, according to the finance, customers,education and innovation and internal processes, performance has been analyzed.Study underlying three major hypotheses on entrepreneur’s structural, relationaland cognitive capital accordance with their business performance, where understructural dimension both quality and the diversity of the contacts been analyzingwith the performance.
All the suggestedhypotheses to test between the dimensions of social capital with the companies’ performances were accepted. Thepositive influence of an entrepreneur’s number of contacts on the businessperformance confirm results from other studiesheld in different contexts, the results confirm a stronger impact of the structuraldimension, relational dimension, and cognitivecapital on corporate performance. Empirical research showed positiverelationships between entrepreneurs’ social capital and their levels of accessto information.
Data analysis confirmed the connection between the company’sperformance and the number of contacts of an entrepreneur in the network, the rangeof relationships, the quality of relations, and the connection betweencognitive equality among the contacts. It was also verified that entrepreneursparticipating in horizontal networks could reach higher levels of relevantinformation for their businesses due to the social capital developed within thenetwork.