In have historical continuation with societies that existed

In conclusion
the rest of the world can learn many things from an indigenous tribe such as
the Korowai for example, people don’t
have to rely only on specific meat or plants as there is a wide variety of
animals and plants that are edible. People can even switch to vegetarianism or
veganism and feed off meat once per month as the tribe is doing as a hunt might
turn out to be unsuccessful and become forced to eat something else such as
plants, fruits and insects. This will
contribute to the climate changes if less animals are raised for the people to
feed on then less methane will be released in the atmosphere. If everyday
humans lived some time with this tribe respect for nature and for people will
eventually start to form. When it comes to survival people are required to work
together and help each other instead of being selfish, which in the tribal community
this will cause death and unity will bring prosperity. The tribe can live off
the rainforest without money, but if the rainforest is deforested Korowai
people will lose everything. This tribe can live happily with what the forest
is providing, people in the rich nations can see this as an inspiration that people
do not have to buy anything that capitalism produces in order to be fulfilled
and can live happily with just a few things.

Indigenous way of living might have
the answer for a more sustainable future according to the United Nations (1989)
in order for some people, communities or nations to be recognised as indigenous, must have historical continuation with
societies that existed before the invasion of the colonial societies that settled
on indigenous lands. As well as being different from areas that other people
live in and focus to develop, preserve and transmit to the future generations
the ancestral territories as well as the ethnic identity by following the
cultural and traditional patterns. (Dove, 2006) The indigenous people called Korowai tribe
are
living in the heart of the island Papua deep in the
rainforest. These people live a very different lifestyle as most western people
know. The government offered help to the tribe by providing build materials and
money to settle. If the tribe accepts the help of the government will become dependent on the government. Therefore the
Korowai people decided to stay on the ancestral land to be free. The tribe is open to people that want to visit and learn how
to hunt and how to build raised houses away from the jungle floor. This tribe
benefits from capitalism as tour guides bring white coloured skin tourists in
the area of Korowai tribe to show them how the tribe lives but the tribe became
modernised as Korowai used to be cannibals and after learning about
Christianity and as well as law persecution have stopped killing each other and
people in general. The tribe even wears clothes but when the tourists come the tribe
hides them and are dressed and act with the indigenous lifestyle. The tourists
are fooled that are the first white people for the tribe ever have contact
with. The people in the community feed sometimes on the flour produced by cutting
down a big and tall tree called Sago found in swamps which is very low in nutrients,
but it can sustain 2-3 families for up to 3 months. The women collect the
fibres from the bark of specific trees to weaver things for the use of the tribe
as well as to sell and make money. Because the tribe lives off the rainforest,
there is respect and sensitivity the whole living space of the tribe can be
covered by foot around 2 hours which this suggests this might be the cause that
the tribe was previously undiscovered. The tribe feeds generally in anything
edible the forest has to offer for example insects and fruits. But men and
women in the community eat, sleep and do things separately even raising
children comes with shifts. Among the tribe,
there used to be a belief in witches, spirits
and reincarnation which were cultural parts even the sacrifices of pigs for the
honor of the ancestors. The tribe became affected when white people found it around
1970s as years passed the tribe no longer believes the culture that were
brought up with and the knowledge grew the tribe speaks fluent Indonesian and
this caused the development of the tribe to live in houses and have income from
tourism. (National Geographic Documentary)

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USDA (November 2017)

                               2013/14     2014/15     2015/16      2016/17     Oct 2017/18   Nov 2017/18

Oil, Coconut             3.38          3.37             3.32              3.38                 3.44                    3.44                                                                   
Oil, Cottonseed       5.16          5.12             4.29              4.40                 4.99                     5.03                                                            
Oil, Olive                  
3.20          2.40             3.12              2.49                 3.00                     2.70                                                      
                 Oil, Palm                   59.30        61.81           58.83           62.29               66.87                   66.87                                                                   
Oil, Palm Kernel       7.07          7.31             7.01             7.39                  7.80                     7.80                                                                       
Oil, Peanut               
5.72          5.43             5.44             5.87                  5.87                     5.93                                                                    
Oil, Rapeseed           27.27        27.61           27.86          28.05               28.63                    28.69                                                     
      Oil, Soybean             45.19        49.29           51.54          53.95               56.16                    56.29                                                            
Oil, Sunflowerseed  15.45        14.92          15.38        
 18.17               17.96                    17.76                                                        
Total                          
171.75      177.27       176.78        185.99             194.70                  194.49

 Table 1 below shows the
production of 9 different types of vegetable oils in the period of five years
2013/14 to 2017/18 in million tonnes

Generally capitalism changed the world
into the favour of the system to increase the income by consumption,
consumerism though is how people are brought together by the artificial
modification of the environment. Humanity has become depended by making
purchases of products and goods everyone is a consumer. Buying products is an
everyday thing and is part of the normal life, people feel alive because of
consumption. This kind of behaviour has been impacting heavily the planet and does
not stop but on the other hand people cannot stop being consumers as society will
not change. People as consumers have essential requirements, for example when
buying a house or food. Large social systems such as corporations, banks and
governments are acting with the consumerism pattern and make the people follow
it, for example the building of roads and infrastructures. The system can also be called ‘infrastructures
of consumption’ according to (Death, 2013). Consumerism lead corporations to search for
cheaper materials for the production of goods this caused the exploitation of
rainforest land for palm oil which is the highest cause of deforestation in countries
like Indonesia and Malaysia that are the biggest producers of palm oil. Huge
areas of rainforest are burnet or cut down to plant oil palms, there is so much
demand for palm oil with an astonishing production of around 43 million tonnes
annually and the demand continues to grow rapidly especially for the production
of biofuel (Gunstone,
2011). The biggest consumption of palm oil
is for the production and processing of foods. Many companies have stopped or
are in the process to stop buying palm oil from producers that are linked with
deforestation, abusive towards human rights and peatlands that absorb huge
amounts of carbon. Some of these companies are (Unilever, Kellogg’s, Dunkin’
Donuts, Mars, Hershey, and Johnson & Johnson). But campaigns began against
the reputation of Nestle as the company used to buy non-sustainable palm oil
that is cheaper compared to sustainable. Nestle had almost chosen Forest Trust
to certify that the palm oil the company receives is produced with legal
compliance which means it is produce with respect for both indigenous and local
communities, respect for high value conservation areas, compliance to RSPO
principles and protection for high carbon stock peatlands and forests (Raynaud et al., 2017) Nevertheless
 since 2015 that Nestle made this
promise, in 2017 Nestle along with Hershey and Mars broke the promise for
sustainable palm oil use and keep importing palm oil from deforested Indonesian
areas. The producers are foun on the island of Sumatra which is very
catastrophic as the Sumatran rainforest is the habitat of some endemic and
endangered species such as the Sumatran tiger, rhinos, clouded leopard, as well
as orangutans and elephants. People became fooled by the huge corporations that
will switch to sustainable palm oil producers to save the reputation as
corporations but still have chosen money over the trust of consumers and the
environment. (Neslen,
2017)                                        

Industrial revolution took place in
many other countries of the world following Great Britain and so almost all
countries of the world became industrialized. The broader industrialization
brought a wide range of prosperity in the world, even more technological
advancements, economic growth and jobs for the people. At the same time though it
slowly impacted the planet in many ways and steadily these impacts kept
increasing. The latest and most important issue caused by all these actions is
the climate change which started to show its presence since the 20th
century. Climate change is present in the whole planet and it is affected by
any action made by people which can release harmful greenhouse gases for
example driving a car and operating machines in a factory. These conditions are
deteriorating over time as humanity is struggling to reduce the greenhouse gas
emissions with not effective result. In order for capitalism to function people
should become divided into rich and poor mostly. Therefore people in poor
countries and communities are the first people that become mostly affected by
climate change as they have only the basic to live and cause the least damage
to the environment. This makes it difficult for them to adapt to the changes in
climate. Rich people though can buy anything so the climate changes affecting
these people are minimal (Death, 2013). So in what extend should our current
generation make sacrifices in order for the next generation and our
grandchildren to live a better life than the one that is currently projected?  There is so much unpredictability about
climate change that scientists do not know what will happen in the future, this
can be used as a base for more radical action, precaution and research but
sometimes people choose to ignore the issue and find an excuse for delay or
absolute inaction. (Death, 2013).The fundamental target between capitalists is
to obtain maximum profit by a system such us a company and that just enough
money is paid to the workers so that the production cost will be absorbed.
Sometimes though there is overproduction or overaccumulation which means too
much products are made or too much money is invested that can cause economic recession.
(Fletcher,
2012)

The first industrial revolution
occurred in Great Britain around 1750-1850 (Crafts and Harley, 1992)
which took place without
the help from the government. The causes of the industrial capitalism were the
systematic and wide application of modern science along with the empirical
knowledge to the process of production. The economic activity specialization in
international and national markets than parish or family. The mass movement of
population from rural areas to cities. The increase of depersonalization in the
unit production in order to come less based on the family or the tribe and more
in corporate businesses. Changes in the duties of the labour from working in
the production of primary products to the making of manufactured goods. The use
of extensive and intensive use of capital resources. Finally the rising of new
social classes that are determined by the relationship of the production for
example the highest class is the owner of the factory or industry and those
that are the labour force in the industry are the lowest class. If these
interrelated changes develop all together in a significant degree we consider
an industrial revolution. All these changes are directly correlated with growth
in population and therefore in the increase in demand of goods and products. (Hawken, Lovins and Lovins, 2013). The industrial revolution brought the people
into a new era, many new products became available in the market that mostly the
higher class people enjoyed first or exclusively as they high class people are
rich and have the ability to buy anything, compared to the workers class that
had to save money to live in very basic conditions of the time. Generally it
sparked the beginning of a new way of life introducing new technologies,
inventions and innovations. For example the modern transportation systems began
by the coal powered steam trains, steamships that carried mostly coal all over
Great Britain, all this hunger for coal made it to succeed as a fuel (Death, 2013) as
well as communicational systems like the cable lines used for telegraphs. (Jensen, 1999. The industrial capitalism foundations are
based on coal which is a fossil fuel and a heavy pollutant. The old machinery
used in the industrial revolution were very inefficient which this increased
the coal requirement. The workers in the factories and the people that just
walked in the streets back in the industrial revolution would probably had
serious health issues as this industrialization caused heavy air pollution
which can cause serious respiratory and health issues. There was no management
to prevent any kind of disease caused by pollution and the workers that worked
in mines were working for many hours. Workers in factories were often young
children that worked in very bad conditions. (Volting
F. and Felix B. 3 Jan 2013)

Humans are animals as the rest of the
living things found on earth. Nature made people to connect, as humans used to
live in groups of hunters and gatherers to survive. After the time of the
industrial revolution humanity evolved a new mindset because of the invention
of capitalism that instead of living with nature and respect it, people became
separated from nature and money became the true meaning in the lives of people
instead of the environment. Capitalism rules the lives of people and is
responsible for almost all bad things that happen in the world poverty,
alienation, exploitation, loss of vital community and immorality. Also
capitalism was the main factor for many  catastrophes in the world mainly the destruction
of the environment, climate change as well as obesity and malnutrition. (Piketty and Goldhammer, 2013).

Environmental problems by industrial
capitalism Indigenous people might have the answer for a sustainable future