In the state ofNorth Carolina science End of Grade (EOG) testing is done in fifth and eighthgrade. EOG’s allows for educators to measure how much information studentsretained during the year in a specific content area. The scores obtained at theend of testing becomes useful in teacher, school, and district accountability.
Based on the scores, it determines how successful educators were throughout theyear. StandardizedTesting and Accountability To become a valuededucator in your specific subject area having the support is what can effectivelyhelp an educator become successful while teaching NC Essential Standards inScience. The Department of Public Instruction has made it a primary focus tosupport educators as they go through thee transition. North Carolina hasdeveloped several professional developments geared to assist with trainingteachers in the rigorous, hands-on teaching modeled though NGSS. There are manystates including North Carolina with a shortage in teachers in science and STEMcontent area.
To increase numbers, NC has prepared a free alternative licensingprogram for educators interested in working science and STEM education. TheNorth Carolina STEM teacher education program allows science related bachelordegree holding individuals to complete the program with a commitment to teachin the state of North Carolina. Preparing educators with the outlinedprofessional development will allow teachers to become equipped with theknowledge of how to prepare students for the EOG’s needed to get to the nextgrade level. TeacherPreparation and Development As an educator,delivering rigorous coursework allows for students to understand the importanceof the job we as teachers must endure. Science education emphasizes on student’sprior knowledge in core scientific content and prepares student to use criticalthinking skills, how to investigate a problem, and using evidence to workthrough a problem. The changes of NC essential standards played positive influentialrigor of science content. NCDPI website breaks downthe percentage of specific standards covered on the End of Grade standardize test.The percentage then allows educator to monitor the amount of coverage needed onspecific standards for proficiency and mastery level on the EOG.
Rigorof Standards In2004, NC SCOS were broken down into goals, objectives, and text of objectives. EssentialStandards adopted in 2009, are broken down further to assist educators theproper order on how to deliver the content. This change allows educator toprepare material that enhance on prior knowledge. The new adoption has been inplace for the past five years to improve testing objectives.The following adoptionincluded content break down of physical science, earth science, and lifescience.
Fifth Grade Science 2009-2004 Crosswalk (2009) presented the followingstandards, 5.P.1 Physical Science: Forces and Motion: Understand force, motionand the relationship between them.
5.P.2 Physical Science: Matter: Propertiesand Change: Understand the interaction of matter and energy and the changesthat occur. 5.P.3 Physical Science: Energy: Explain how the properties of somematerials change as a result of heating and cooling. 5.
E.1 Earth Science: EarthSystems, Structures, and Processes: Understand weather patterns and phenomena,making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.5. L.1 LifeScience: Structure and Function of Living Organisms: Understand how structuresof organisms perform functions necessary for life. 5.L.
2 Life Science:Ecosystem: Understand the interdependence of plants animals with theirecosystem. 5.L.3 Life Science: Evolution and Ecology: Understand why organismsdiffer from or similar to their parents based on the characteristics of theorganism. In 2004, NorthCarolina used Science Standard Course of Study (NC SCOS) as the course ofaction for educators during instruction. Adoption of new standards came aboutin the year 2009 and was renamed Science Essential Standards.
EssentialStandards were designed for grade level K-8 and based on courses taken in high school.North Carolina (n.d) stated in February 2010, North Carolina geared the newessential standards to be like Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).
Adoptionof New Standards NorthCarolina State board of Education released a new science extended contentstandard in March 2011 based on North Carolina Common Core and State Essential Standardsthat took place the following school year 2012-2013. North Carolina course ofstudy is used to implement the appropriate content for all grade levels. Thosestandards put into are used to identify what students should know and whatstudents can do. NC Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) introduced theStandard Course of Study as a support for NC educators by providing challengingeducational instruction to prepare students to become career and college ready.AcademicStandard Changes