In the book, HindSwaraj, Gandhi’s overall and majorarguments consist of two main points. One being his view towards modernizationand resistance. The second being his feelings regarding the British rule ofIndia. Gandhi spoke against the British rule over India because he believedthat India should be governed in a traditional way, which should follow Indianethics and policies but due to the British rule, that was not happening and hestrongly believed in the term “self-rule” which he spoke about as well. Nothingwould change if an Indian individual was governing instead and was stillfollowing the same procedures as a British individual.
Gandhi was persistent onthe fact that the problem was with the way India was being governed at thattime and that is what he tried to advocate for. His way to approach thesituation was however different from the way many individuals would resort to.He strongly believed in nonviolence, therefore he spent large portions of his booktalking about how violence is wrong, and against the Indian way of life.Usually when an individual does not get their way they get angry and adoptviolence as a means to get what they want but Gandhi remained calm all the waythrough because he firmly believed that a person of god is someone who does useviolence but rather promotes love. His struggle to achieve self-rule was toughbut he fought hard to reach his goal without the use of violence so that India can be free again.Gandhi uses numerousliterary styles and techniques that makes his writing persuasive whichconvinces the reader on his case.
One technique I have observed that Gandhiused throughout the book was the way that it was written; in a dialogue. It iswritten as a reader and an editor communicating with one another. I think thiswas a unique and interesting way to compose a book compared to how most booksare written which in my opinion, tend to get boring. In Hind Swaraj, the reader would ask a question or place a strongopinion and the editor would answer it in a way where they would attempt tochange the reader’s mind, for instance; “READER:.
. India, it is also wherethere are hundreds of child widows, where two-years olds are married, wheretwelve years old girls are mothers and housewives, where.. EDITOR:.. Attemptshave always been made, and always will be made to remove them.”(Gandhi,69) Thisway any questions the reader has are being explained and answered as they readon.
I thought it was a very clever way to persuade the audience. Anothertechnique I thought worked very effectively would be that of Gandhi’s numerousletters he had written that were included in the book. The letters were verypersonal and educates the readers of what Gandhi was trying to attain fromwriting these letters. In one of the letters, Gandhi wrote to Nehru, he statesthat “.
.without truth and non-violence there can be nothing but destruction forhumanity.”(Gandhi,143)Gandhi wrote what he didin his book because of what he experienced first-hand in his own life. He faceddiscrimination in many places, and individuals treated him harshly. I’m anIndian and my father wears a turban, being asked to take a turban off is notonly extremely disrespectful but it is impolite and uncivil because a turban isnot just a piece of clothing it is an Indians honor.
Gandhi was asked to takehis turban off in a courtroom, in front of everyone. He was asked to get off ofa train to check his bags because of a piece of article he was wearing on hishead. The lack of respect he received was just cruel. When he saw what was happening in India hewanted to use the education he had to help and change all that was wrong but hefought in a different way than how he was treated because he knew that it wasnot right to use violence or to lie to achieve his goal. He composed this bookto educate and inform society of what he believed in and also that India wouldnot be in such a prison ever again. Bibliography Gandhi.
Parel, Anthony. hind swaraj and other writings, CambridgeUniversity Pres, 2010.