India the largest democratic country
with the second largest population has seen a new type of revolution that is
taking place, which is in the form of technology. A digital revolution refers to
the advancement of technology from analog electronic and mechanical devices to
the digital technology available today1.
This digital revolution has put India in position where they are a real global
player in the digital economy. India currently ranks third in growth rate with
7.1% annually and is ranked number 7 in GDP worldwide2. However,
they are ranked currently at 160th for GDP per capita3,
which shows the nation still has a lot to grow in terms of standards of living. Digitalization not only transforms a counties
economy, but it also has an enormous effect on how society functions. Issues
such as jobs, inequality, heath, and gender are all affected. Under Prime
Minister Narendra Modi technology has reshaped the political landscape in
India. Modi started a campaign called Digital India, which is aimed at creating
more jobs and prompting good governance. This paper will look at the economic,
social and political impact of the digital revolution on India.
unlike other rapid growing countries in the far east the introduction of technology
and information systems has not bridged the gap between adequate living
standards and poverty. According to the World Bank India has the most people living
in poverty in the world with 270 million people4.
This is an overwhelming number of people to be living in such conditions for a
nation that considered a global player, however about three quarter of those
people are a part of the agriculture industry. To understand the role of the
digital revolution on India’s economy industries have to be looked at
individually. Currently India IT industry is split in to four main parts IT services, Business Process
Management (BPM), software products and engineering services, and hardware. India
currently ranks number one destination to source IT- Business process
management with a market share of 55%5
reason for their dominance in the sourcing market is that they provide a labor
force that is educated, English speaking, and 3-4 times cheaper than the United
State labor market.6
Not only is India gaining traction from
outsourcing, but they also have companies setting up base in India and insourcing.
IT/Technology Industry has created a trade that will help continue to grow
India’s economy as it gains more market shares, but the downside of a rapidly
growing economy based is that other industries within India are being to suffer.
For example, the agriculture industry is losing a lot of workers to either telecommunications,
outsourcing, and automation. Loosing market-shares is not the only factor
affecting the agriculture industry, but polices geared towards Digital India are
favored over policies that will protect agriculture and climate change is the
other factor. In order for India to progress economically, they must diversify
their focus on different industries. For example, they ought to invest in
tourism, smart-agriculture, green energy, and infrastructure.
a nation where the society ranges from indigenous people to tech savvy millennials
India has the widest ranges of demographic than any other country in the world.
The Social Impact of the digital revolution in India has transformed the way
society in India functions. Not only has this revolution solved social issues,
but it has contributed to creating some new socials issues of its own. For
Example, India has a pretty well-known corruption problem, but social media and
the web has helped Indians set up a system where they can report incidents and
bring exposure to it thus reducing corruption. Not only is the access to the
web allowing to create new solutions to existing problems, but platforms such
as social media are allowing people to change the way they do things, such as
organizing and live streaming protest to bring to a global audience. An example of event that shows how digitalization
has brought global attention to an incident is the 2009 Bangalore pub attack.
The use of technology has made it possible to bring about social change overnight.
major social issues that the drive to go digital has created is widening the
gap between the rich and poor. The reason for this is because in order to take
advantage of the opportunities that will be created citizens will need to have
access to education and training they need for these new jobs. However, when looking
at the basic house hold in India they do not have the disposable income
available to them to invest in training or higher education. If you look at the
United states and see the how people who had manufacturing jobs lost it to
globalization, then you will see the need for an adequate labor force that can
adapt to change. The way that this is achieved is by the government investing
in the labor force through education and training.
In order for this revolution to be successful
without the backlash of rapidly growing there needs to a huge investment into
the education sector. Also education has to be accessible for people who want
to better their current situation. Some of the social issues that have been
created by India’s digital revolution is the way a new feeling of
anti-globalization in much of the developed world. Which has led to developing
countries becoming vulnerable to this negative outlook. For example, in the
united states the trump administration wants to get rid of the HB-1 visas
awarded to skilled workers. for I This is just one example of how technology
has changed society for the good. Some more drastic changes are the creation of
a new tech driven/ job oriented generation that will become the new hierarchy in
Indian society as India moves into a new digital era. To prevent the massive
gap in social hierarchy the India government must also help the agricultural
industry become more efficient through technology so they can still compete and
continue this industry.
Political landscape of India has seen the most change come from the digital
revolution. The combination of Technology and politics is unprecedented in India
and during the 2014 election this recipe truly changed the political playing
field. Communication with elected officials is integral in any nation to address
the needs of its citizens. With the
election of Narendra Modi, the nation took a new initiative to become more
technologically advanced. He set his
administration on a task to not only speed up the digital revolution, but to
bridge the digital divide in the country.7
The administration has focused on digitizing government and making it particularly
accessible to less fortunate part of society. Modi even changed the way the people communicated
with him, by using social media platforms such as twitter and even creating an
app that allows users to communicate with him directly.
government is also using technology to implement easier ways for its citizens
to get governmental services. This notion of E- government is about accessibility
and productivity. The government feels that with a nation so large that this is
the only way of getting India as a whole up to digital standards. This a good
idea, but I feel like there are a lot of risk associated with this notion of digitizing
everything. India still has a huge infrastructure issue and the world as a
whole is exposed to a lot of cyber security problems. Other than the big cities
India doesn’t have modern infrastructure in rural areas.
conclusion, India the largest democracy in the world is on a path to Digitalize
the nation. With the second largest population in the world there are a lot of constraints
in achieving this goal. The countries digital revolution has impacted the
economy, society and the political landscape. The economy which continues to
grow at a very rapid rate has not solved the issues of poverty that a large
number of citizens continue to face. Society has transformed as well in terms
of how they get things done and the political landscape has also changed by the
way the government communicates and offers support.
Is the Digital Revolution? – Definition from Techopedia.” Techopedia.com,
“The World Factbook: INDIA.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central
Intelligence Agency, 12 Dec. 2017,
4 “India’s Poverty Profile.” World Bank,
5 “Brand India.” IBEF : India Brand Equity Foundation,
on Digital India for Children and Students.” IndiaCelebrating.com, 15
Feb. 2017, www.indiacelebrating.com/essay/digital-india-essay/.