Individual differences are caused by socioeconomic status and

Individual differences are caused by socioeconomic status and
people being brought up differently resulting in different personalities, physical
abilities and skills. When individuals with varying personalities meet, this
can result in great cooperation or conflict. Using McCrae and Costa’s big five
personality scale (1990 and 1996) Philip may be described as being open to
experience and extravert. This is because Phillip describes his spinning class
as ‘bored and un-inspired’ suggesting that he is open to try new things and
teach different classes. This results in him feeling restricted and thus
dissatisfied with his work. Extraversion is another trait of Philip. He ‘enjoys
teaching and working with others’ and referring to the closure of the breakout
room, he thought it ‘massively affected the amount of social interaction’. This
reflects Philip’s extraverted personality as extraverted people tend to be
outgoing and gregarious and delight in the company of others. Their personality
also generally results in them being leaders such as how Philip led the group
meeting, however this may be a negative aspect of Philip’s personality as he is
very dominant and this personality may only fit in certain occupations. For
example, in a test using a military unit, only 11.5% of senior managers had an
extravert personality (Salimi, Karaminia and Esmaeili, 2011), therefore Philip’s
personality would most likely be unfavourable in this line of work. On the
other hand, Nick’s personality is very different to Philip; Nick has the traits
of conscientiousness and some traits of introversion. Nick is presented as a
good, orderly and diligent worker. It states that he feels ‘generally
satisfied’ with the work, however even when he realises that he may be being
taken advantage of over shifts he doesn’t speak up about it until Kate asked
him, he continues with the work as he knows that there’s a larger objective for
the business and quarrelling about shifts would just cause unnecessary conflict.
Furthermore, during the meeting Nick spoke up once but was ignored resulting in
him not contributing further this suggests some introversion in Nick’s
personality. The traits of conscientiousness and introversion mean that Nick is
a good worker and perform well within his job and the tasks that he’s given,
however he struggles in the social aspect of his work. This may cause work to
be difficult for Nick as Cain (2012) argues that ‘the contemporary workplace
tends to favour the extravert personality more’. Lastly, Jane shows
characteristics of open to experience and agreeableness. Jane was the ‘main
contributor in the group meeting’, she gave suggestions that would ‘benefit the
other trainers’, and she ‘actively tried to come up with creative solutions’.
Jane is one that doesn’t like to be held back with strict schedules and plans,
she enjoys trying new things and helping others which is generally good in most
situations (such as during the meeting), however with the current type of job
that she’s doing, which is filled with set schedules and procedures, this may
hold her back so she doesn’t perform to the best of her ability. For example,
when she wasn’t allowed to change some of the exercises, she felt ‘stagnated’
thus reducing her motivation and lowering her performance. Moving on from the
Big five personality scale, an ideographic approach to personality may be
considered when analysing the trainers, this is an approach which sees
personality as complex, unique to each individual and dynamic. It suggests that
personality is not static, but rather it’s developed and moulded through social
interaction (Freud, 1927). This implies that for each of the trainers analysed,
their personalities could be easily changed through interaction with each
other, this could potentially help them to perform better or have the opposite