IntentionCybercrime happeningwith Microsoft Windows.
The aim for this is not, as several people incline to consider,because Windows is a feeble system,with many security holes. If anybrilliant hacker were to look faithfully atany operating system, he/she wouldcatch weaknesses. The reason whyso numerous leaks have been originate inWindows versions over the years, isbecause millions of work hours are paidprobing for them.This time investment isonly done because there is a positive pay-off. Nearby 90% of computer users useWindows, which interprets into almost 1.
62 billion people around the world (guessingthat there are about 1.8 billion active computers in the world today). Finding a ‘good’ safety fleabag and writing approximately competentmalware to exploit it, means a potential ‘market’ of totally those computers.With the correct malware, it is thinkable to snatch control of those computers,by fixing them to a botnet, and perusing through the computer to search for privateand economic data that can be castoff for either selling in the secretivemarket, or using the found uniqueness for all types of criminal actions.The cash that is made bycyber-criminals per year is projected to be of a bigger volume than theturnover of the drugs industry. In short: it pays to invest time into writing malwarefor Windows. Of course there have been, and still are, other popular platformsbesides Windows. Apple’s OS X and Linux for instance, are still growing in popularity.
Many people believe these systems to be far safer than Windows. However, thatis a conclusion that can only be reached with certainty after putting as manywork hours into searching for weaknesses as has been done with Windows. This,of course, has not happened, so we refrain from celebrating the safety of onesystem over another. This theory also applies to mobile platforms. Smartphoneshave been around for many years and have gradually grown in popularity. Many differentoperating systems co-existed, no one much more popular than the others for manyyears. The theory that all of these systems have their weaknesses, but not manypeople were looking for them because it would not be worth their timeinvestment, held up for a long time.
But this situation has now changed.”The opportunity of reaching a huge public with Android, and to snipmoney from 75% of all smartphone users, offers a solid intention for malwarewriters to make high-quality malware”In 2010, Android exposedits first signs of spirits to regulate the mobile world. In 2011, the spirits attestedto be accurate, and they seem to continue that way. According to Gartner, around75% of all smartphones traded worldwide in the first quarter of 2013 ran on Androidand still the ratio as same as was before. Number two was iOS, with only 18.2%.
The third place was held by Blackberry, with 3%. Of those operating systems,Android was the single one that raised its market share in that quarter. Thesecurity industry therefore now senses it is safe to say Android is winningthis race.
And the malware writers settle. The possibility of reaching a bigpublic with Android, and to snip money from 75% of all smartphone users, affordsa strong intention for malware writers to make high-quality malware for this specificplatform. MeansBefore Android, therewas another nominee that looked to be winning the race “Symbian”. Why was a solidintention for making malware for Symbian not sufficient for an prevalent burstof Symbian malware? This is due to a deficiency of means to blowout Symbianmalware. All mobile operatingsystems have one thing in common – their architecture is very dissimilar to thearchitecture of Microsoft Windows for computers. It seems developers have observedclosely at ‘what went wrong’ with the initial operating systems for PCs andcreated systems that are far safer (though there is still plenty of potentialto find weaknesses in them).
Dirtying a smartphone and then scattering themalware further is not easy through traditional assaults. The most effective wayof attack on Symbian attested to be through Bluetooth. But this requiredphysical closeness of a smartphone that had its Bluetooth connection switchedon for an attack to be fruitful. This reduced the target audience to such a smallnumber that spending time on writing malware for Symbian was very distasteful.In the case of Android,there is a simple solution to scattering malware: apps.
They aredownloaded and installed manually by smartphone owners all over the world. Afree local app with typical reputation is downloaded over 10,000 times. Internationalfree apps of typical reputation can get downloaded over 1 million times. Fake apps that seemedin the Android Market, like the ones that harboured the trojan DroidDream, gotdownloaded over 250,000 times in only a few days. Apps are thus a precise beautifulmeans of scattering hateful code to smartphones.
Social engineering makes appslook very attractive and motivates users to download and install them.Chance Android is not the only platform with widespread apps. In fact, Applewas, far more fruitful with apps than Android. And Apple appeared to be leading for relatively some time, right afterSymbian’s downfall and before Android’s enormous rise. So why has Apple movedthe bullet for all this time? There was an intention, and the apps provided a hypotheticalmeans for infection.
The answer comes down to opportunity.”Android is a semi open source platform, sense that plentiful of the codeis offered for everyone to see. This makes it far easier to find security pigpens”Apple and Android have dissimilar processes of app making and app admissions.In this case, we need to confess that Apple seems to have a harmless system.
That is not to say the operating system of Apple in itself is harmless thanAndroid. It is, still, more difficult to study A