International Migration Abstract Based on the data collected by UnitedNations that was included in their migration report in 2015 shows that, thenumber of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly overthe past fifteen years reaching 244 million in 2015, up from 222 million in2010, 191 million in 2005 and 173 million in 2000. By looking at the trend oninternational migrations, High-income countries host more than two thirds ofall international migrants.
As of 2015, 71 per cent of all internationalmigrants worldwide equal to 173 million international migrants lived inhigh-income countries. 124 million migrants were hosted in high-income OECDcountries, while 49 million migrants were living in other high-income non-OECDcountries. Only 29 percent or 71 million of the world’s migrants lived inmiddle or low-income countries. Nearly two thirds of all international migrantsworldwide live in Europe. In 2015, 76 million international migrants wereresiding in Europe. Comparing this trend with Asia which is 75 million, NorthAmerica hosted 54 million, followed by Africa 21 million, Latin America and theCaribbean 9 million, and Oceania 8 million. Keyword: internationalmigrants, high-income, low-income, and middle-income countries, Europe, Introduction Intoday’s increasingly interconnected world, international migration has become areality that touches nearly all corners of the globe, often making distinctionsbetween countries of origin, transit and destination obsolete. Moderntransportation has made it easier, cheaper and faster for people to move.
Atthe same time conflict, poverty, inequality and lack of decent jobs are amongthe reasons that compel people to leave their homes in search of better futuresfor themselves and their families. International migration still continues togrow wider in the globe, but by looking closely on the rationality ofinternational migrants they choose high-income countries in which majoritychoose EU countries as their destination. Europe hosted 76 millioninternational migrants out of 244 million international migrants world-wide,based on that statistic we tend to focused our paper on Europe as a major hostfor international migrants, and why? Europe hosted more migrants than any othercontinent in the globe second by Asia, though there are so many factors thatare considered by migrants from economic, education, infrastructure,technology, and many more. However most migrant move from theirorigin to a new destination is because they want to better their lives and thatof their families, in achieving that one has to make rational decision inchoosing their destination.
Though when IM is supported with good policies, migrationcan contribute to inclusive and sustainable economic growth and development inboth home and host communities. Some of the contributions done by diaspora inthe development of their home countries could be improving the lively of peopleliving in those communities. According World Bank’s 2015 report migrants fromdeveloping countries sent home an estimated US $436 billion in remittances; a4.4 percent increase over the 2013, far exceeding official developmentassistance and, excluding China, foreign direct investment. Migrants also playa greater role in the host countries by filling critical labor shortages;create jobs as entrepreneurs, also in term of taxes and social securitycontributions.
Despite the benefits generate frommigrations there are some disadvantages as well that migrant’s face along theirway,