?Interpreting any literary work is considered a crucial task as it requires a critical analysis of all the trends contributed to the development of the work. Therefore, it is essential to have a general explanation about modernism because Robert Frost is one of the prominent poets of the twentieth century. To put it more simply, modernism as a literary movement has been characterised by a fundamental shift away from tradition. The most distinctive feature of modernism is the rejection of tradition as well as the rejection of the certainty of Enlightenment thinking (Day, 2010).
Modern poetry has been characterized by a feeling of anxiety about life and the world in general. The rapid growth of industrialisation, technological advance, new perceptions about the world, and the overall disillusionment produced by the First World War along with other harsh realitieshave contributed to the appearance of significantchanges in the habitual way of living. Many modern poets have responded to these changes in various ways, for instance, Sylvia Plath has written poems of protest, and T.S. Eliot and E. E. Cummings have expressed the desire to escape from the world.
The theme of indecision is noticeable in modern poetry as it is observable in Robert Frost’s “The Road Not Taken”. Characters or speakers usually feel separated from people as well as from the rest of their society because modern life alienates the individual because of the belief that older forms of authority are decayed and that the value of the individual must be appreciated. Regarding style, the focus is on innovation and multiple narrators or voices. Emphasis is on presenting life as experienced and capturing the impression of a moment. The focus is on psychological reality and use of fragmentation, juxtaposition, symbols, metaphor, allusions as well as open or ambiguous endings (Holt, 1996; Thorne, 2006).