IntroductionLiteratureReview: Awareness,attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among theSaudi public:This study is cross-section regarding public response to infectious diseaseoutbreak focusing on the knowledge of an individual about the disease,attitudes, and behavior of the public considering this infection. The goal wasto check the awareness, attitudes, and habits related to influenza (H1N1) amongthe Saudi public. Data was collected fromlarge malls that serve different geographical areas of the biggest to cities onthe contrary who provided verbal consent led to high response, it helped themto avoid bias, that will be managed in our study however we will try to covermore volunteers using online questionnaires which will cover much furthervariables over a shorter period of time. In this study, they discovered that highconcern did not translate better prevention and developing preventative habits,possibly due to the low level of knowledge about the disease among the publicand the majority of participants did not believe in a pandemic and believedthat dealing with the disease was the responsibility of the government.
InfluenzaKnowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Survey for Grade School Students: Design andNovel Assessment Methodology: This cross-section study observed primaryschool students to detect knowledge, attitudes andbehaviors regarding influenza. The study contained 20 question that wasformulated in a simple direct manner fit for the participants. Data wascollected from 565 students in two schools that got a high response, this couldbe cause for bias since the two schools are from the same city, also the young ageof participants and therefore their knowledge about influenza must beconsidered, however, this study was thefirst health knowledge, attitude, and behavior survey relating to influenzaprevention among grade school children. Thequestion design may also be a disadvantage since they were limited due to the age of participants; our study, however,will target the community as a whole ,so when talking about the analytic methodwe will try to avoid misunderstanding of the original questions.
Self-carebehavior when suffering from the common cold and health-related quality of lifein individuals attending an annual checkup in Japan: a cross-sectional study: This studyfocused on the health-related quality of life for people who attempts self-carebehavior comparing them with the ones who go to clinics. They found that thequality of life is better in those who take over-the-counter medications, whichwe will try to encourage the people to do as well. But instead, we will befocusing not only on people who visit the clinics for every common cold theyget, but also who doesn’t act at all due to their thoughts about how thesedrugs are useless, or any other thoughts. So, in this study, the data wascollected from participants who were attempting in only one checkup centerwhich was in Japan, in which they are already caring and taking action abouttheir health. However, this study found that there was a significant relationship between the quality oflife and the self-care behavior, yet it is not clear which one of themaffecting the other, so they already pointed that further studies should bedone in this issue.
Self-medicationfor cough and the common cold:information needs of consumers: This study which was in Australia was focusingon identifying the knowledge of consumers who wanted to consumeover-the-counter medicines, based on consumers who called the Australiannational medicine call center enquiring about cough-and-cold medicine, and toimprove the quality of using it. So, parts of the study that we are going to dois investigating how well do people knowabout this medicine. In this study, it was found that 29% of the calls were asking about the drug-drug interaction,which we believe it is part of their doctor job to explain to them an appropriate cough and cold medicines to usewhen they were given their medicines in the first time. The study mentionedthat the calls were frequently about the children, because there in Australia, the Therapeutic Goods Administrationwarned a lot about using unprescribed medicines for the children. The peopleinternationally or even specifically in Saudi Arabia where we are going tocollect the sample are not fully aware of this due to lack of the action takento improve the awareness of this. But this study also represents only thepeople who called the center, while lotof people use online sources to have the information they need, despite theones who already fully aware about all these things we mentioned.Knowledge,attitudes and practices concerning self-medication with antibiotics amonguniversity students in western China: The main objective for this study which wasdone in western China was to evaluate using of antibiotics.
Although the samplethey collected from was only undergraduate students, but it gave us very goodidea about the behavioral using of the antibiotics, which we will consider itpart of the over-the-counter medicines as the people use it withoutprofessional intervention. This study found that over half of theself-medication antibiotics were taken by the students were withoutprescription, even their knowledge about these antibiotics was scored 4 out of10. Most of the students was already storing the antibiotics at home. 16.7% ofthe students who used it had an adverse drug reaction, despite the otherdangerous complications that may occur. So, this issue should be considered asan important problem. So, in general, even that we will be encouraging forincreasing over-the-counter medicines usage, the antibiotics should beexcluded, and an action should be taken by the government for the pharmaciesthat still selling the antibiotics without prescription.
Publicpreventive awareness and preventive behaviors during a major influenza epidemicin Fukui, Japan:This study focused on preventing the influenza of developing by evaluating therelationship between a citizen’s personal attributes and his/her preventiveawareness and behavior during an influenza outbreak while keeping thepreventive measures of the government in mind. whereas expressing the specificbehaviors and attitudes toward the disease (influenza), and the instinctualpattern of how to deal with the existing disease were not stated, and thehospitalization status wasn’t clear in the context by how the individual hasthe choice to go and deal with his/her disease. However, this study showed anexcellent review on the risk factors that may affect the disease that will helpour study to work with in our “pre-disease” category. In the analytic sidetargets knew the researchers, such as healthcare workers, might have feltunintentionally pressured to provide consent for study participation, whichwould have introduced selection bias.
Whereas our study will try to avoid anyselection bias by random selection “anonymous ” Self-diagnosisof influenza during a pandemic: a cross-sectional survey in New Zealand NZ:This study focused entirely on (self-diagnosis) and the purpose of this studywas to determine whether people could asses their own influenza by whether thepresence of symptoms. Our study will not put much attention to the exact andspecific symptoms, as it focuses on the disease in general and how theindividual deal with it. by asking if there had any recent history of influenzaThose who believed they had influenza were asked how they treat them self. Thesampling method chosen (simple random sampling) will be much similar to ourstudy to have the lowest sampling bias there is. Nearly all our targets willuse the self-diagnosis method to figure out the presence of the disease, so itis a big window opened to look at the sampling technique used in this study, toasses in our study how they dealt with the disease after diagnosing them selfand that is what this study didn’t talk about. Methods:This methodwill be selected to represent the attitude of all Saudi population to influenzaand how they handle with this disease. It will be stratified random samplingcross-sectional survey of 1000 subjects from selected primary care centers indifferent geographic areas in Riyadh city “North, south, west, andeast” to show accurate results haphazardly. The study will be conductingduring a period of four months “Feb – Jun 2018”.
Data analysiswill be provided by divide the participant influenza patients into threedifferent classify. First group are immediately go to the clinic and takemedication, second group are using traditional medication ” alternative”, and the last group are don’t take it as a serious condition and donothing. We brought thequestions from other valid researches, as there were no appropriate surveys toassess the participants, we developed suitable more questions, designated toachieve our purposes. Respondentswere asked ‘Did you have the influenza over this last winter? with optionsbeing ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘don’t know’.
Those whobelieved they had influenza were asked how they treat them self? 1. I usuallyvisit the doctor when I have the symptoms and take the medications 2. I don’tbelieve the medications are given effectively response, so I take my owntraditional treatment 3. I alwayshave this disease and it will be cured by its self without self-interventions.
We will providesufficient information and guidance to participants to answer the questionnairecorrectly. We assured that their personal information will be private and willnot be published.Finally, wewill use Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program to analyzeour results. Discussion:We would liketo see How does theSaudi community treat and deal with seasonal influenza after acquiring ourresult we hope to get an insight into these findings and hope that they will bedirectly correlated with our initial research goals.
Regarding thelimitation of our research is that we are going to collect most of our datafrom Riyadh city also we didn’t find enough research related to this subjectthis might be a limitation because we create our own question and we didn’t getparticipants face to face nor did we get to choose who we wanted to participatein our research in terms of age or region in which they lived And we onlycollect data of one or two seasons Finally, we couldn’t Find a number to buildour expectation on because of poor number of research in this topic which Iwould to mention it as a good point to cover something another researcherdidn’t.