Introduction speed at which you make cognitive processes.

IntroductionMusic hasalways had a integral part in our society.

Since the very beginning of timemusic has been playing a role in changing the emotional state of people. Manypeople turn to music to take away the stress they get. Among these arestudents, who are known to listen to music when completing assignments or whenstudying for exams, drivers as it helps relieve the stress of the day and manyothers. Types of music have been known to help individuals to concentrate ontasks that they are given.

In recent times many studies have been conductedinto finding whether music does really have any significant impact on ourcognitive processes. Some studies have shown music to be a distraction andsomething that hinders the speed at which you make cognitive processes. Otherresearch papers have shown that constant listening of music improves thereaction times of individuals to visual stimuli. The oxforddictionary defines reaction time as “Thelength of time taken for a person or system to respond to a given stimulus orevent.” Reaction time includes the ability to recognize the sensory impulse andthen execute a motor response toward the stimulus.so when conducting thesetests, we are testing the integrity of the central nervous system.It is noteworthy to note that thereare two types of reaction times which is dependent of how many visual stimuliyou are using.

These two types are Simple and Choice. For Simple reaction timea conscious decision is not often made, we can take the example of someonetouching a hot object, his hand almost immediately after having touched the hotobjects pulls back. Whereas with Choice, as the name suggests a consciousdecision is made. Simple reactions tend to be faster than those of Choice.

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Statement of TaskThe main purpose of thisinvestigation is to determine whether various tempos of music influence anindividual’s reaction time. 60 subjects are going to be subject to a Low bpm song,Medium bpm song and high bpm song. Plan of investigation I’m testing people’s reaction time todifferent tempos of music so, I will use 60 subjects which will be divided into3 groups. One group will listen to a LOW BPM while taken their reaction timetest, another will listen to a MEDIUM BPM track and the third group will listento a HIGH BPM track.

I will use a computer based program to test their reactiontimes. I will use a bar graph to analyse the data as well as a X^2 test to showthe dependence on various music tempos to reaction times.        Raw Data Low Average Medium Average High Average Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3   Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 0,219 0,171 0,147 0,179 0,291 0,275 0,298 0,288 0,389 0,302 0,296 0,329 0,187 0,165 0,157 0,169 0,301 0,289 0,281 0,290 0,394 0,516 0,245 0,385 0,182 0,143 0,146 0,157 0,308 0,271 0,288 0,289 0,387 0,418 0,418 0,407 0,209 0,148 0,109 0,155 0,317 0,291 0,294 0,300 0,381 0,476 0,438 0,431 0,203 0,165 0,18 0,182 0,239 0,141 0,32 0,233 0,401 0,348 0,391 0,380 0,248 0,219 0,176 0,214 0,391 0,141 0,281 0,271 0,381 0,322 0,431 0,378 0,233 0,191 0,187 0,203 0,331 0,241 0,241 0,271 0,381 0,376 0,583 0,446 0,261 0,219 0,169 0,216 0,316 0,141 0,241 0,232 0,263 0,386 0,498 0,382 0,239 0,129 0,287 0,218 0,376 0,241 0,241 0,286 0,361 0,287 0,441 0,363 0,219 0,218 0,271 0,236 0,287 0,141 0,141 0,189 0,278 0,209 0,412 0,299 0,191 0,291 0,187 0,223 0,265 0,241 0,279 0,261 0,377 0,257 0,176 0,270 0,261 0,211 0,298 0,256 0,241 0,276 0,291 0,269 0,287 0,486 0,388 0,387 0,274 0,191 0,287 0,250 0,287 0,267 0,295 0,283 0,265 0,487 0,33 0,360 0,228 0,113 0,187 0,176 0,265 0,275 0,271 0,270 0,38 0,398 0,345 0,374 0,273 0,184 0,145 0,200 0,216 0,208 0,267 0,230 0,34 0,441 0,415 0,398 0,198 0,128 0,287 0,204 0,276 0,245 0,287 0,269 0,296 0,419 0,451 0,388 0,219 0,119 0,281 0,206 0,209 0,403 0,298 0,303 0,341 0,424 0,426 0,397 0,138 0,176 0,221 0,178 0,298 0,312 0,276 0,295 0,387 0,498 0,316 0,400 0,104 0,173 0,209 0,162 0,26 0,297 0,298 0,285 0,298 0,487 0,296 0,360 0,129 0,198 0,312 0,213 0,221 0,298 0,387 0,302 0,281 0,281 0,418 0,326 This table shows the raw data that Ihad collected from the 60 students. These students ranged from grade 9 to grade12.This table includes the 3 trials each subject took as well as the average ofthe 3 trials.I took the averages of the trials foreach of the 3 groups and made a bar graph to represent the data. From this wesee that those listening to music with a low BPM has the fastest reaction timeamong the groups , and the group listening to Medium BPM music has the mediumreaction time and the group listening to high BPM music has the highestreaction time fast medium slow sum fast 29 28 3 60 medium 9 47 4 60 fast 1 37 22 60 sum 39 112 29 180   fast medium slow sum fast 13 37.34 9.6 60 medium 13 37.34 9.6 60 fast 13 37.34 9.6 60 sum 39 112 29 180        ( 29 13 16 256 19,69231 28 37,3 -9,3 86,49 2,318767 3 9,6 -6,6 43,56 4,5375 9 13 -4 16 1,230769 47 37,3 9,7 94,09 2,52252 4 9,6 -5,6 31,36 3,266667 1 13 -12 144 11,07692 37 37,3 -0,3 0,09 0,002413 22 9,6 12,4 153,76 16,01667 Total 60,66453